25: Imperative Mood Verbs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 25: Imperative Mood Verbs Deck (36)
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1

ἕκαστος, -η, -ον

each

2

ἐνώπιον

in the presence of, before (prep. + genitive)

3

ἐπαγγελία, ἡ

promise

4

or; than (ἤ... ἤ, "either... or")

5

κἀγώ

and I; even I (καί + ἐγώ; used for emphasis)

6

μέν

and (μέν... δέ, "on the other hand... on the other hand)

7

μηδέ

nor, and not (μηδέ... μηδέ, "neither... nor")

*with non-indicative mood verbs

8

οὐδέ

nor, and not (οὐδέ... οὐδέ, "neither... nor")

9

ὕδωρ, ὕδατος, τό

water

10

χάρις, χάριτος, ἡ

grace, favor (irregular accusative singular: χάριν)

11

διακονἐω

I serve

12

εἰσφέρω

I lead into

13

μηκέτι

no longer

14

μιμητής, οῦ, ὁ

imitator

15

μωρός, -ά, -όν

foolish

16

πειρασμός, ὁ

temptation

17

πλανάω

I deceive

18

ῥύομαι

I rescue, deliver

19

σοφός, -ή, -όν

wise

20

ὑπηρέτης, -οῦ, ὁ

servant

21

Recite Present Active Imperative Paradigm

22

Recite Present Middle/Passive/Deponent Imperative Paradigm

23

Recite First Aorist Active Imperative Paradigm

24

Recite First Aorist Passive/Deponent Imperative 

25

Recite First Aorist Middle/Deponent Imperative

26

πεφίμωσο

Be quiet! (perfect imperative from φιμόω)

27

ἔρρωσθε

Farewell (perfect imperative from ῥώννυμαι)

28

Does the meaning of the aorist deponent imperative change if it is with a middle paradigm rather than a passive one?

No. As we found with participles and subjunctives, it doesn't change its meaning. 

 

both πορεύθητι and πορεύσαι mean "go"

29

What similarity is there between the present imperative and indicative moods?

The second person plural is the same. (λύετε or πορεύεσθε)

Only the context will determine which mood was intended. 

If the expression is negative, different particles will be used, ex. οὐ λύετε (indicative) or μὴ λύετε (imperative)

30

How do you get imperatives with irregular verbs (contract, second aorists, and liquid verbs)?

They attach the imperative endings for the paradigm word λύω to their own appropriate stems. (just like participles and subjunctive forms)