23: Relative Pronouns Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 23: Relative Pronouns Deck (18)
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1

οἶδα

I know

2

ἀδελφός

brother

3

ἀλλήλων

(of) one another (reciprocal pronoun; the genitive plural is the lexical form)

4

ἄλλος, -η, -ο

other, another

5

ἰδού

look! behold! (an old imperative from εἶδον that has become a particle)

6

λοιπός, -ή, -όν

remaining, rest

7

ὅς, ἥ, ὅ

who, which

8

ὅσος, -η, -ον

as much as, as many as; as great as, all that

9

τοιοῦτος, τοιαύτη, τοιοῦτο(ν)

of such a kind, such as this, such

10

Ἰωσήφ, ὁ

Joseph

11

Recite Masculine Relative Pronouns

12

Recite Feminine Relative Pronouns

13

Recite Neuter Relative Pronouns

14

Recite Present Active Indicative (οἶδα)

(First Aorist Paradigm)

15

Recite Aorist Active Indicative (οἶδα)

16

In what does the relative pronoun agree with its antecedent?

In gender and number, but not necessarily in case because it has its own function in a sentence.

17

What happens when the relative pronoun does not have an antecedent in its preceding clause?

A personal pronoun is implied. You must supply the appropriate pronoun.

18

What is an indefinite relative clause?

The relative pronoun that doesn't have an antecedent, often occurs with ἄν or ἐάν followed by a verb in the subjunctive mood. 

The pronoun will be translated as "whoever" or "whatever".

(ex. ὅ ἐάν ᾖ δίκαιον, "Whatever is right.")

 

It also happens with ὅσος ἄν or ὅσος ἐάν:

(ex. ὅσα ἐάν λύσητε ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς, "whatever you loose upon the Earth.")