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Flashcards in 20: Aorist Participles Deck (26)
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1

ὑπάρχω

I exist; I belong to

2

χαίρω

I rejoice

3

γλῶσσα, -ης, ἡ

tongue; speech, language

4

θάλασσα, -ης, ἡ

sea; lake

5

μή

no, not (used with non-indicative moods including participles)

6

ὀφθαλμός, ὁ

eye

7

πρόσωπον, τό

face; appearance; person

8

τυφλός, -ή, -όν

blind (often used as substantive)

9

αἵμα, αἵματος, τό

blood

10

διάβολος, ὁ

Devil

11

δικαιόω

I justify

12

ἐμπροσθεν

before, in front of (+gen.)

13

ἐχθρός, ὁ

enemy

14

κράβαττος, ὁ

bed, cot

15

συναγωγή, ἡ

synagogue

16

Recite Masculine Aorist Participle Paradigm

17

Recite Feminine Aorist Participle Paradigm

18

Recite Neuter Aorist Participle Paradigm 

19

What are the two irregular Aorist Participles?

1. γινώσκω/αναγινώσκω (Masculine)

2. καταβαίνω/αναβαίνω (Masculine)

20

Recite the Two Irregular Aorist Participles Paradigm

21

Why do aorist participles don't have an augment?

Only verbs in the indicative mood have an augment.

22

How does the aorist participle distinguish middle and passive forms?

It distinguishes formally by means of a different paradigm for each.

23

Do deponents aorist participles are translated differently whether they have a passive or middle ending?

No. It actually means the same thing. 

πορευθείς or πορευσάμενος 

24

αναγινώσκω

I read

25

What endings do second aorist participles use?

They use the present participle endings.

Since they don't use augments, the only difference is in the stem.

(ex. βλέπων/ἰδών; εὑρίσκων/εὑρών)

The same thing happens with deponents. They use present passive participle endings with second aorist stem.

(ex. γινόμενος/γενόμενος; λαμβανóμενος/λαβόμενος)

26

How are Aorist Participles translated? 

Adjectival Use (attributive or substantive position) - points to a particular event in the past.

(ex. τον πατέρα τον πέμψαντα αυτόν, "the Father who sent him")

Adverbial Use (predicate position) - precedes the main verb in time. It can be rendered by supplying "after" or "when".

(ex. ελθόντες εις την οικίαν, "after they went into the house")