I exist; I belong to
γλῶσσα, -ης, ἡ
tongue; speech, language
θάλασσα, -ης, ἡ
no, not (used with non-indicative moods including participles)
face; appearance; person
τυφλός, -ή, -όν
blind (often used as substantive)
αἵμα, αἵματος, τό
before, in front of (+gen.)
Recite Masculine Aorist Participle Paradigm
Recite Feminine Aorist Participle Paradigm
Recite Neuter Aorist Participle Paradigm
What are the two irregular Aorist Participles?
1. γινώσκω/αναγινώσκω (Masculine)
2. καταβαίνω/αναβαίνω (Masculine)
Recite the Two Irregular Aorist Participles Paradigm
Why do aorist participles don't have an augment?
Only verbs in the indicative mood have an augment.
How does the aorist participle distinguish middle and passive forms?
It distinguishes formally by means of a different paradigm for each.
Do deponents aorist participles are translated differently whether they have a passive or middle ending?
No. It actually means the same thing.
πορευθείς or πορευσάμενος
What endings do second aorist participles use?
They use the present participle endings.
Since they don't use augments, the only difference is in the stem.
(ex. βλέπων/ἰδών; εὑρίσκων/εὑρών)
The same thing happens with deponents. They use present passive participle endings with second aorist stem.
(ex. γινόμενος/γενόμενος; λαμβανóμενος/λαβόμενος)
How are Aorist Participles translated?
Adjectival Use (attributive or substantive position) - points to a particular event in the past.
(ex. τον πατέρα τον πέμψαντα αυτόν, "the Father who sent him")
Adverbial Use (predicate position) - precedes the main verb in time. It can be rendered by supplying "after" or "when".
(ex. ελθόντες εις την οικίαν, "after they went into the house")