19: Present Participles Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 19: Present Participles Deck (26)
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1

κράζω

I shout, cry out

(irregular future: κράξω;

irregular aorist: έκραξα)

2

φέρω

I bear, carry

(irregular future: οίσω,

irregular aorist: ήνεγκα)

3

ἀρχή, ἡ

beginning

4

ζωή, ἡ

life

5

ἡμέρα, ἡ

day

6

νύξ, νυκτός, ἡ

night

7

οὐρανός, ὁ

heaven

8

στόμα, στόματος, τό

mouth

9

γραφή, ἡ

Scripture, writing

10

ἐραυνάω

I search, examine

11

θύρα, ἡ

door

12

λύκος, ὁ

wolf

13

μή

not

14

ποιμήν, ποιμένος, ὁ

shepherd

15

σημεῖον, τό

sign

16

Recite Present Participle Masculine Paradigm

17

Recite Present Participle Feminine Paradigm

18

Recite Present Participle Neuter Paradigm 

19

Recite εἰμι Masculine Present Participle Paradigm

20

Recite εἰμι Feminine Present Participle Paradigm

21

Recite εἰμι Neuter Present Participle Paradigm

22

What are participles?

Hybrid forms which share features of both verbs and adjectives.

23

How do you parse participles?

Tense

Voice

Mood (Ptc replaces Indicative)

Gender

Case

Number

24

How are Present Participles translated?

- In English: with the "-ing" suffix.

(ex. "the living God", "the watching world")

 

- In Adjectival Use (Attributive and Substantive position): with English relative cause "who"

(ex. ὁ ἀγαπων υἱός, "the son who loves" [attributive] 

ὁ ἀγαπων, "the one who loves" [substantive])

 

- In Adverbial Use (Predicate Position): using "while", "when" or "as".

(ex. ἀκούοντες  δέ ταυτα διεπρίοντο, "And when they heard these things they became enraged")

 

25

What voices can Present Participles have?

They can also have active or middle/passive voice no mater if they are in adjectival or adverbial use.

26

How is tense understood in Present Participles?

- In Adjectival Use, the event is generally occurring. 

(ex. ποιῶν τὴν δικαιοσύνην, "the one who practices righteousness" [at any point in time])

 

- In Adverbial Use, is contemporaneous with the time of the main verb. 

(ex. βλεπει (present) σχιζομένους τοὺς οὐρανους, "He sees the heavens as they are being open")