it is necessary, one must (impersonal verb from δἐω)
I seem to; I suppose, think
I am able, I can
I want to, wish
I am about to, it is destined
θέλημα, θελήματος, τό
+ gen., before, beforehand; in front of
so that, with the result that; so as
Recite Present Infinitives
Recite First Aorist Infinitives
What are some characteristics of Perfect Tense Infinitives?
1. reduplicated stem
2. middle/passive/deponent drops the variable vowel
(ex. ἀπολύω > ἀπολελύσθαι
γινώσκω > ἑγνωκέναι, κτλ.)
How are the infinitive endings attached to the irregular verb stems? (Contract, second aorists, liquid verbs)
They are attached to their modified stems, the same way as it is done in participle, subjunctive, and imperative forms.
How is the subject of an infinitive expressed?
It is expressed in the accusative case.
(ex. δεῖ με καὶ ᾽Ρώμην ἰδεῖν, "It is necessary that I see Rome also")
Because infinitives are verbal nouns, what are the different ways an infinitive can function?
it can function as the subject, predicate or the direct object of a verb.
What article generally accompanies infinitives?
The Greeks regarded infinitives as neuter singular.
When this happens it is called an articular infinitive.
What are the main five uses of Greek infinitives?
2. Purpose Clause
3. Result Clause
4. With Prepositions
- Contemporaneus Time (following ἐν τῷ)
- Causal (following διὰ τό)
5. Following ἐγένετο
What is the Complementary use of the Infinitive?
Completes the idea of another verb.
(ex. ἤρξατο ὁ Ἰησοῦς κηρύσσειν, "Jesus began to preach.")
What is the Purpose Clause use of the Infinitive?
To express purpose in different ways.
1. With a simple greek infinitive
(ex. "I came to class to learn Greek")
2. With a genitive article construction
(ex. τοῦ γνῶναι αὐτόν, "In order that I may know him")
3. With a prepositional construction (εἰς or πρός)
(ex. εἰς τό εἶναι αυτόν, "In order that he may be...")
What is the Result Clause use of the Infinitive?
To express result, using an infinitive after ὥστε ("so that", "so as")
(ex. ὥστε γενέσθαι, "so that (as a result) you have become...")
What is the difference between a Purpose clause and a Result clause?
The purpose clause speaks about an intended result, while the result clause speaks about the actual result.
What is the Preposition use of Infinitives?
An infinitive may be used as the object of a preposition (this would make the infinitive articular.) It is expressed in two ways:
1. Contemporaneous Time (following ἐν τῷ)
(ex. ἐν δὲ τῷ πορεύεσθαι αὐτούς, "and while they were traveling")
2. Causal (following διὰ τό)
(ex. Ἰησοῦς οὐκ ἐπίστευεν αὐτόν αὐτοῖς διὰ τὸ αὐτόν γινὠσκειν πάντας, Jesus did not entrust himself to them, because he knew them all.
What is the Following ἐγένετο use of Infinitives?
In Luke and Acts, the author likes to introduce an episode with ἐγένετο δέ or καί ἐγένετο usually followed by ἐν τῷ λύειν (or other verb).
Usually translated with "Then it came to pass that..."
Since some infinitives have only one form, how do you know which tense to choose?
Only context will decide how to translate the given infinitive.