two (not declined)
twelve (not declined)
εἷς, μία, ἕν
ἐλπίς, ἐλπίδος, ἡ
seven (not declined)
ἔσχατος, -η, -ον
μηδείς, μηδεμία, μηδέν
no one (used with non-indicative verbs)
μόνος, -η, -ον
only, the single
ὅλος, -η, -ον
οὐδείς, οὐδεμία, οὐδέν
no one (used with indicative verbs)
first, in the first place, earlier (adverb)
πρῶτος, -η, -ον
first (an ordinal number)
I nullify, destroy
κλήσις, -εως, ἡ
I lay down (my) life
Recite Declinable Numbers paradigm - εἷς, μία, ἕν
Recite Declinable Numbers paradigm - τρεῖς, τρία
How are numbers used in Greek?
As attributive, predicate or substantive adjectives.
(ὁ εἷς ἄνθρωπος, "the one man" (cardinal number)
ὁ ἄνθρωπος ὁ πρῶτος, "the first man" (ordinal number))
(ὁ θεός ἐστιν εἷς, "God is one")
(οἱ δώδεκα, "the twelve")
What are Optative Verbs?
Verbs that express a wish.
- They don't use an augment, like other non-indicative moods
They are formed
- from the present and aorist stems
- by adding an iota or iota-eta (ι, ιη) to the variable vowel.
(μή γένοιτο, "May it never be!")