30: Numbers and Optative Verbs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 30: Numbers and Optative Verbs Deck (27)
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1

δύο

two (not declined)

2

δώδεκα

twelve (not declined)

3

εἷς, μία, ἕν

one

4

ἐλπίς, ἐλπίδος, ἡ

hope

5

ἑπτά

seven (not declined)

6

ἔσχατος, -η, -ον

last, final

7

μηδείς, μηδεμία, μηδέν

no one (used with non-indicative verbs)

8

μόνος, -η, -ον

only, the single

9

ὅλος, -η, -ον

whole, entire

10

οὐδείς, οὐδεμία, οὐδέν

no one (used with indicative verbs)

11

πρῶτον

first, in the first place, earlier (adverb)

12

πρῶτος, -η, -ον

first (an ordinal number)

13

τρεῖς, τρία

three

14

Ἀσία, ἡ

Asia

15

δούλη, ἡ

(female) servant

16

Ἰούδας, ὁ

Judas

17

καταργέω

I nullify, destroy

18

κλήσις, -εως, ἡ

calling

19

Μαριάμ, ἡ

Mary

20

οὐκέτι

no longer

21

σκοτία, ἡ

darkness

22

τίθημι ψυχήν

I lay down (my) life

23

φίλος, ὁ

friend

24

Recite Declinable Numbers paradigm - εἷς, μία, ἕν

25

Recite Declinable Numbers paradigm - τρεῖς, τρία

26

How are numbers used in Greek?

As attributive, predicate or substantive adjectives.

1. Attributive 

(ὁ εἷς ἄνθρωπος, "the one man" (cardinal number)

ὁ ἄνθρωπος ὁ πρῶτος, "the first man" (ordinal number))

 

2. Predicate

(ὁ θεός ἐστιν εἷς, "God is one")

 

3. Substative

(οἱ δώδεκα, "the twelve")

27

What are Optative Verbs?

Verbs that express a wish.

  • They don't use an augment, like other non-indicative moods

They are formed

  • from the present and aorist stems
  • by adding an iota or iota-eta (ι, ιη) to the variable vowel.

 

(μή γένοιτο, "May it never be!")