season; a time, age
ῥῆμα, ῥήματος, τό
I fall upon
"who" (m n pl, relative pronoun)
πῦρ, πυρός, τό
Recite Masculine Perfect Participle Paradigm
Recite Feminine Perfect Participle Paradigm
Recite Neuter Perfect Participle Paradigm
In what ways are Perfect Participles used?
They are used in the same way as the other participles: adjectival (attributive and substantive) and adverbial (predicate).
What two meanings are communicated by the perfect participle?
1. Completion of an event (in which case it functions like an English pluperfect)
2. A resulting state that the completed action initiates
What is the Genitive Absolute?
An idiom that utilizes an adverbial participle to add background information to a statement.
Of what two things does the genitive absolute consists?
1. Noun or pronoun in the genitive case
2. Adverbial Participle agreeing with the noun or pronoun in gender, case, and number.
How do you translate a genitive absolute?
As you would any adverbial participle.
- for a present participle use "while", "when", or "as"
- for an aorist use "after"
ὀψίας δὲ γεγομένης
"and after it became evening..."
Genitive absolute example (frequent in the New Testament)
What is the periphrastic use of participles?
Participles commonly used in combination with the verb "to be" (εἰμί)
What are the two most common periphrastic formations in the NT?
1. Periphrastic Imperfect - imperfect of εἰμί + present participle
(ex. ἦσαν πορευόμενοι, "were traveling")
2. Periphrastic Pluperfect - imperfect of εἰμί + perfect participle
(ex. οὔπω ἦν βεβλημένος, "not yet been thrown")