21: Perfect Participles Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 21: Perfect Participles Deck (29)
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1

καιρός, ὁ

season; a time, age

2

ῥῆμα, ῥήματος, τό

word, speech

3

χρόνος, ὁ

time

4

ὣρα, ἡ

hour

5

εὐθύς

immediately

6

ἐπιπίπτω

I fall upon

7

ἒτι

still

8

ἑτοιμάζω

I prepare

9

Ἰόππη, ἡ

Joppa

10

Ἰουδαία, ἡ

Judea

11

κάθημαι

I sit

12

κώμη, ἡ

village

13

οἳ

"who" (m n pl, relative pronoun)

14

Πετρός, ὁ

Peter

15

πῦρ, πυρός, τό

fire

16

σατανᾶς, ὁ

Satan

17

φαρισαῖος, ὁ

Pharisee

18

Recite Masculine Perfect Participle Paradigm

19

Recite Feminine Perfect Participle Paradigm

20

Recite Neuter Perfect Participle Paradigm

21

In what ways are Perfect Participles used?

They are used in the same way as the other participles: adjectival (attributive and substantive) and adverbial (predicate).

22

What two meanings are communicated by the perfect participle? 

1. Completion of an event (in which case it functions like an English pluperfect)

2. A resulting state that the completed action initiates

23

What is the Genitive Absolute?

An idiom that utilizes an adverbial participle to add background information to a statement. 

24

Of what two things does the genitive absolute consists?

1. Noun or pronoun in the genitive case

2. Adverbial Participle agreeing with the noun or pronoun in gender, case, and number. 

25

How do you translate a genitive absolute?

As you would any adverbial participle.

- for a present participle use "while", "when", or "as"

- for an aorist use "after"

26

ὀψία, ἡ

evening

27

ὀψίας δὲ γεγομένης

"and after it became evening..."

 

Genitive absolute example (frequent in the New Testament)

28

What is the periphrastic use of participles?

Participles commonly used in combination with the verb "to be" (εἰμί)

 

29

What are the two most common periphrastic formations in the NT?

1. Periphrastic Imperfect - imperfect of εἰμί + present participle

(ex. ἦσαν πορευόμενοι, "were traveling")

2. Periphrastic Pluperfect - imperfect of εἰμί + perfect participle

(ex. οὔπω ἦν βεβλημένος, "not yet been thrown")