I go away, leave
I draw near, I approach
I testify, bear witness
I see (share forms with βλέπω)
I come to, approach
I keep, I guard
which (fem. acc. sg.)
What are the three characteristics of the Perfect Verbs?
1. Reduplication of the first letter of the stem (and an added epsilon) 2. A kappa added at the end of the verb's basic stem 3. Secondary endings with an alpha variable vowel
What paradigm is used for the Perfect Verbs?
First Aorist paradigm
How do Perfect Verbs translate?
"I have... ed"
How do the aspirant characters θ,φ and χ reduplicate?
With their non-aspirant characters. θ - τ φ - π χ - κ
What do compound verbs reduplicate?
The verb stem, not their prepositional prefix. απολύω - απολέλυκα
What is different about the deponent rendition of the Perfect Verbs?
The kappa is not added, but it does reduplicate the stem.
What three characteristics form the pluperfect?
1. Has an augment 2. A reduplicated perfect stem 3. An -ει formation in the variable vowel ελελύκει
Recite the Perfect Verbs Deponent Paradigms