Flashcards in 2/5/15 Deck (18):
What anti-spasmodics are used for IBS?
hyoscyamine and dicyclomine
What's a good regimen for antimicrobial ppx for most GI surgeries?
Cefazolin (or cefoxitin) + Metronidazole
Low-pitched diastolic rumble and loud first heart sound
Abx regimen of choice for endometritis
Clindamycin and gentamicin
Appropriate Abx choices for GBS bacteriuriq in pregnancy (2)
Penicillin G or Keflex
Treatment of choice for Bell's palsy.
Don't forget to order this blood lab before any surgical procedure.
Why should beta-blockers be avoided in cocaine use?
coronary vasospasm 2/2 unopposed alpha agonism
What med should be given early to pts w/ cocaine-induced tachycardia, htn, chest pain?
What med should be given after benzos for persistent tachycardia, htn, CP in cocaine use?
What kind of a drug is phentolamine?
Which htn meds commonly cause lower extremity pitting edema?
dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers (e.g. amlo, nifedipine)
What htn drug class can be combined with dihydropyridine CCBs to counteract peripheral edema?
ACE-I's or ARBs
Pt on carbamazepine presents w/ fever, mouth ulcers, easy bruising, petechiae. What adverse effect of carbamazepine can cause this?
What is the post-exposure ppx for rabes in unvaccinated pts?
vaccine (4 shots) and Ig
What is the post -exposure ppx for rabies in vaccinated pts?
booster vaccine (2 shots) only
Why are pts w/ DM 2/2 pancreatitis more prone to hypoglycemia?
loss of glucagon-secreting alpha-cells