UWorld 12/9/14 Flashcards Preview

Intern Year > UWorld 12/9/14 > Flashcards

Flashcards in UWorld 12/9/14 Deck (21):
1

What is the clinical presentation of Kallman's syndrome?

hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and anosmia

2

What is the pathologic basis of Kallman's syndrome?

failure of GnRH-secreting (and olfactory) neurons to migrate into the hypothalamus during embryonic development

3

Sudden, painless vision loss, pale fundus w/ "cherry red spot".

CRAO

4

Painless, subacute vision loss, "blood and thunder" retina (hemorrhages and optic disc edema).

CRVO

5

Floaters, visual field defect, and flashing lights.

Retinal detachment

6

What is the most common cause of infantile botulism?

ingestion of environmental dust containing C. botulinum spores

7

What is the classic presentation of infantile botulism (3 things)?

constipation, cranial nerve palsies, and flaccid paralysis

8

What is the Tx of choice for infantile botulism?

human-derived botulism immune globulin

9

What is the Tx of choice for adult (foodborne or wound) botulism?

equine-derived botulinum antitoxin

10

Hypoperfusion from sepsis: IV fluids to a central venous pressure in the range of _____ mmHg.

8-12

11

Hypoperfusion from sepsis: Add vasopressors if the MAP is <___.

65

12

Classic triad of Wernicke's encephalopathy

Confusion, ataxia, and nystagmus

13

Which diuretics can cause pancreatitis?

Furosemide, HCTZ

14

Which IBD drugs can cause pancreatitis?

Sulfasalazine, 5-ASA

15

Which immunosuppressants can cause pancreatitis?

Azathioprine, L-asparaginase

16

Which antiseizure drug can cause pancreatitis?

Valproic acid

17

Which AIDS drugs can cause pancreatitis?

Didanosine, pentamidine

18

Which Abx can cause pancreatitis?

Metronidazole, tetracycline

19

Initial Tx for cryptococcal meningitis

Amphotericin B & flucytosine

20

Initial treatment for neonatal sepsis

Ampicillin and gentamicin

21

Tx regimen for toxoplasma encephalitis

Pyrimethamine, sulfadiazine, and leucovorin