UWorld 9/18/14 Flashcards Preview

Intern Year > UWorld 9/18/14 > Flashcards

Flashcards in UWorld 9/18/14 Deck (18):
0

What is the most important modifiable risk factor for stroke?

Blood pressure

2

What diagnostic tool is used for the initial and follow-up cardiac evaluation of patients receiving anthracycline chemotherapy, e.g. with doxorubicin or daunorubicin?

EF with radionuclide ventriculography (MUGA scan)

3

ACE inhibitors are generally contraindicated in acute renal failure. What is an exception?

Scleroderma renal crisis

4

What are the 2 true contraindications to giving a DTaP? What is a temporary contraindication?

anaphylaxis or encephalopathy w/in 7 days of previous DTaP/DTP; mod-severe illness

5

What is the usual initial screening test for infertility?

semen analysis

6

Intubation is recommended for a Glasgow Coma Scale of < or = ___.

8

7

What skin infection that resembles Molluscum contagiosum is seen in immunocompromised individuals?

Cutaneous cryptococcosis

8

Which anti-retroviral drug is associated with pancreatitis?

Didanosine

9

Which anti-retroviral drug is associated with life-threatening hypersensitivity syndrome?

Abacavir

10

Which anti-retroviral drug is associated with lactic acidosis?

Any NRTI (e.g. ZDV, didanosine, lamivudine)

11

Which anti-retroviral drug is associated with Stevens-Johnson syndrome?

Any NNRTI (e.g. Efavirenz, nevirapine)

12

Which anti-retroviral drug is associated with liver failure?

Nevirapine

13

Which TB drug is commonly associated with liver failure?

INH

14

Which TB drug is a pyridoxine (Vit B6) inhibitor and should be taken with pyridoxine to prevent peripheral neuropathy?

INH

15

Sudden decreased vision + halos around lights + pain +/- red eye

acute angle-closure glaucoma

16

Most common organisms causing bacterial conjunctivitis

S. aureus, S. pneumo, Moraxella, and H. flu

17

What is a good choice Abx for bact conjunctivitis?

erythromycin ointment, sulfa drops, or polymixin/trimethoprim drops

18

What class of antibiotic should be used for pts w/ bact conjunctivitis who wear contacts? Why?

fluoroquinolones; Pseudomonas