UWorld 11/24/14 Flashcards Preview

Intern Year > UWorld 11/24/14 > Flashcards

Flashcards in UWorld 11/24/14 Deck (12):
0

What do we do for pregnant pts w/ genital herpes?

Acyclovir starting at 36 wks. Caesarean if active infection at term.

1

What is the first step in evaluating any pt. with impaired gastric emptying?

r/o mechanical obstruction (XR, EGD, barium swallow)

2

Diagnostic test of choice for osteomyelitis

MRI

3

Treatment for mild-mod hyponatremia 2/2 SIADH in order of escalation.

Water restriction --> salt tablets --> loop diuretics --> demeclocycline

4

2 conditions (outside GIT) associated with angiodyaplasia

Aortic stenosis and ESRD

5

What are the two most common causes of massive Lower GI bleeding in elderly pts?

Angiodysplasia and diverticulosis

6

Normal average pulmonary capillary wedge pressure?

9 mmHg

7

What is the normal cardiac index (pump function)?

2.8-4.2 L/min/m^2

8

What are the additional benefits of metformin (beyond glycemic control)?

Weight loss, decreased TG & increased HDL

9

What happens to TSH levels in the first trimester of pregnancy?

Decrease

10

Why do TSH levels drop in pregnancy?

Thyroid-stimulating effect of β-hCG

11

Medication given for post-exposure ppx of pertussis is associated with infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis?

Erythromycin