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Flashcards in 2/5/15 Deck (14):
0

Suspect this in a pt. w/ severe IBD in a flare w/ distended, tympanitic abdomen.

toxic megacolon

1

1st line Tx for pts w/ toxic megacolon 2/2 IBD flare (in the absence of perforation)

corticosteroids

2

What is required for the Dx of endometriosis?

laparoscopic visualization of endometrial "implants"

3

Narrow and regular QRS complexes and absent P-waves suggest what?

paroxysmal SVT

4

What class of paroxysmal SVT is the most common?

AV-nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT)

5

Why are local anesthetics, such as lidocaine, ineffective in cellulitis?

acidic environment of cellulitis neutralizes local anesthetics, which are basic

6

intrauterine pregnancy is usually not visible on TVUS until beta-hCG is greater than ___ IU/L.

1500

7

name 4 causes of hypomagnesemia.

alcoholism, prolonged NG suction, diarrhea, and diuretics

8

flushing, throbbing headache, palpitations, abd cramps, diarrhea, and oral burning within 10-30 mins of fish ingestion.

scombroid

9

What Sx does pufferfish poisoning cause?

neurological: perioral tingling, weakness, incoordination

10

People exposed to active TB infection should get a PPD at that time. If it is negative they should _______.

get another PPD in 3 mos.

11

why is octreotide given for bleeding esophageal varices?

reduces portal venous pressure

12

Which pt population might develop SBO 2/2 intestinal stricture?

IBD

13

What is Ogilvie's syndrome

(right) colonic pseudo-obstruction