2/19/15 Flashcards Preview

Intern Year > 2/19/15 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2/19/15 Deck (16):
1

What is the most common cause of pediatric CAP if the child is preschool age OR has focal consolidation on X-ray?

S. pneumo

2

What is the most appropriate empiric antibiotic for pneumococcal CAP in kids?

Amoxicillin

3

What is the most common cause of pediatric CAP if the child is older OR well-appearing w/ b/l findings on X-ray?

Mycoplasma

4

What is the most appropriate empiric antibiotic for Mycoplasma CAP in kids?

Azithromycin

5

What is an adverse effect of thiazolidinediones (e.g. pioglitazone), esp in pts w/ underlying heart failure?

fluid retention

6

What is the Tx of choice for catatonia?

Benzos (and/or ECT)

7

What muscle relaxant is used for the Tx of neuroleptic malignant syndrome?

Dantrolene

8

What are the classic symptoms of digoxin toxicity?

N/v, loss of appetite, fatigue, confusion, cardiac abnormalities

9

What drugs used for A-fib may increase serum levels of digoxin?

Amiodarone and Verapimil

10

What blood labs must be ordered prior to all surgeries?

TYPE & CROSS and PT/PTT

11

Empiric treatment for infective endocarditis in IV drug users

vancomycin + gentamicin

12

Tx for systemic candidiasis

amphotericin B and/or fluconazole

13

BP goal for pts w/ ESRD?

<130/80

14

Most common extra-renal manifestation of ADPKD

liver cysts

15

Screening test of choice for ADPKD in relatives of pts w/ the dz.

US

16

In initial mgmt for pts presenting w/ partial SBO

observation and conservative Tx (surgery only if pt fails to improve over a day or so)