2/23/15 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2/23/15 Deck (15):
1

A person is less likely to actually have the dz if the negative likelihood ratio (LR-) is _(high/low)_.

low

2

Anticoagulation is preferred for a CHADS2 score of ___ or higher.

1

3

What factors might make digoxin preferred over beta- or Ca++ channel blockers in A-fib RVR?

low BP, low LVEF

4

systemic Tx for psoriasis

MTX, cyclosporine, or "biologics"

5

Why are corticosteroids relatively contraindicated in psoriasis?

risk of pustular psoriasis

6

What is the difference between mortality rate and case fatality rate?

mortality compares to total population

7

Best Dx test for esophageal rupture.

esophagogram w/ water-soluble contrast

8

Which study design is most appropriate for localizing the source of an infectious outbreak?

case-control

9

What is the first step in mgmt of pts w/ severe pre-eclampsia at term?

Mag sulfate (MgSO4) and hydralazine (or labetalol)

10

Chronic or recurrent epigastric pain w/o significant heartburn.

dyspepsia

11

Increase in Cr after start of ACE-I is highly suggestive of _______.

Renal Artery Stenosis

12

What is the first-line Tx for a large prolactinoma?

dopaminergic drugs (i.e. bromocriptine, cabergoline)

13

Tight glucose control decreases the risk of _(micro-/macro-)_vascular complications.

micro!

14

What is the hallmark of non-functioning pituitary adenomas?

alpha-subunit overproduction (also hypogonadotropic hypogonadism)

15

What is the preferred Tx for (large) non-functioning pituitary adenomas?

trans-sphenoidal resection