2/12/15 Flashcards Preview

Intern Year > 2/12/15 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2/12/15 Deck (16):
1

What is the initial diagnostic test for pernicious anemia?

Anti-intrinsic factor Ab

2

_______ should be suspected in all ts on nitroprusside infusion w/ unexplained metabolic acidosis and AMS.

Cyanide toxicity

3

What is the Tx for cyanide toxicity?

siodium THIOSULFATE

4

What is the first step in mgmt of a suspicious scrotal mass?

imaging: US then CT abd/pelvis

5

What sort of bias is a "funnel plot" good at demonstrating?

publication bias

6

What are the 5 components of medical mgmt of ACS?

1. Dual anti-platelet therapy
(2. Nitrates)
3. beta-blockers
4. statins
5. anticoagulation

7

What comprises "dual anti-platelet" therapy?

aspirin + P2Y12 receptor blockers

8

Name 3 P2Y12 receptor blockers.

clopidogrel, ticagrelor, and prasugrel

9

familial _____-calciuric hypercalcemia

HYPO

10

What is the effect of thiazide diuretics on serum calcium?

they increase it

11

4 indications for parathyroidectomy in asymptomatic hyperparathyroidism.

- serum Ca++>1.0 above upper limit
- younger than 50
- osteoporosis
- reduced renal function

12

Stage 1 pressure ulcer

non-blanching erthema

13

Stage 2 pressure ulcer

partial thickness loss of epidermis/dermis

14

Stage 3 pressure ulcer

damage through SQ tissue, but not into fascia

15

Stage 4 pressure ulcer

damage to underlying muscle or bone

16

What is the risk of giving Abx to kids with enterohemorrhagid E. coli enteritis?

HUS