2/20/15 Flashcards Preview

Intern Year > 2/20/15 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2/20/15 Deck (19):
1

Which drug class has been shown to increase survival and decrease progression to symptomatic HF in pts w/ asymptomatic LV systolic dysfunction (low EF)?

ACE-I's

2

Episodic medial knee pain

Pes anserine bursitis

3

Location of tenderness in Osgood-Schlatter syndrome

tibial tuberosity

4

Pain/tenderness @ inferior patella

patellar tendonitis

5

"Housemaid's knee"

patellar bursitis

6

Chronic/subacute knee pain w/ squatting or stair climbing

Patellofemoral pain syndrome

7

Clinical test for patellofemoral pain syndrome

patellofemoral compression test (press down on patella while extending knee)

8

Which 3 lab values are used to calculate the MELD score?

Bilirubin, Cr, INR

9

Mnemonic for the causes of anion gap metabolic acidosis

Methanol
Uremia
Diabetic ketoacidosis
Propylene glycol/Paraldehyde
INH/Iron
Lactate
Ethylene glycol
Salicylates

10

Which DM drug may cause lactic acidosis?

Metformin

11

Unilateral headache + Horner's syndrome

carotid artery dissection

12

What are the 3 components of Horner's syndrome?

miosis, ptosis, and anhydrosis

13

What is the 1st line imaging modality for carotid dissection?

CTA head and neck

14

What is the mainstay of Tx for carotid dissection?

antithrombotic therapy

15

Which nerve innervates the quadriceps and of which the saphenous nerve is a branch?

femoral nerve

16

Opportunistic infection of lung + sinuses in bone marrow transplant recipients.

Aspergillosis

17

Treatment for invasive aspergillosis

voriconazole +/- echinocandin

18

4-12 wk old infant presents w/ staccato cough, no fever, crackles, and hyperinflated lungs on X-ray.

Chlamydia pneumonia

19

What is the Tx for Chlamydia pna?

erythromycin x2wks