Flashcards in UwOrLd 1/22/15 Deck (20)
Mech of paralytic ileus w/ loop diuretic use?
What drug blocks mu-receptors in the gut --Tx for ileus 2/2 opioids -- w/o interfering w/ analgesic effect?
Tx for pts w/ obstructing ureteral stone + infection, AKI, or severe pain who do not respond to initial medical intervention.
percutaneous nephrostomy (or retrograde ureteral stent)
Adverse effect of Ginkgo biloba
bleeding (antiplatelet activity)
What condition can exercise-induced amenorrhea lead to?
osteoporosis, breast/vaginal atrophy, mild hypercholesterolemia, and infertility
Anatomical factor that predisposes to Mallory-Weiss tears
equation for number needed to treat (NNT)
1/ARR (absolute risk reduction)
Absolute risk reduction (ARR) =
risk in Tx group - risk in placebo group
Pts w/ high cardiac risk or underlying heart failure should proceed directly to _______.
In which pts is non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) contraindicated?
impaired consciousness/risk of aspiration
Which sedative agents (3) may be used for rapid-sequence intubation?
etomidate, propofol, midazolam
RBBB, atrial arrhythmias, and inferior Q-waves can all be signs of what?
acute pulm htn / RV strain
What is the treatment for mod-severe croup?
dexamethasone + nebulized epinephrine
If hr. after 50g of glucose, a pregnant woman's blood glucose is less than ___, she does not have gestational diabetes.
At how many weeks should a pregnant woman undergo testing for gestational diabetes?
What is the Tx for a "hot" thyroid nodule?
What is the next step for a "cold" thyroid nodule?
What is the most effective agent for controlling the cardiotoxic effects of TCA overdose?
What is the effect of increased serum pH on TCAs?
neutralizes to non-ionized form