2.01 - Respiration for Speech Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2.01 - Respiration for Speech Deck (91)
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31

What comprises the Pectoral Girdle?

(3)

Clavicles

Scapulae

Humerus

32

What is the BOTTOM of the Bony Box?

Pelvic Girdle

33

What comprises the Pelvic Girdle?

(5)

Illium

Ischium

Pelvic Bone

Sacrum

Coccyx

34

What is the FRONT of the Bony box?

(2)

Sternum

Anterior apects of the ribs

35

What is the SIDE of the Bony Box?

Ribs

36

What is the BACK of the Bony Box?

Vertebral column

37

What is the Diaphragm?

(2)

A large, domed-shaped muscle

It separates the lungs from the abdominal cavity

38

What is the single, most important muscle for Inspiration?

Diaphragm

39

Withough the diaphragm, is it EXTREMELY difficult to to breathe and even more difficult to speak?

Yes

40

When the Diaphragm contracts, the lung area ______.  This ______ pressure in the lungs relative to the _________.

Increases

Decreases

Atmosphere

41

What is happening when the Diaphragm is maximally DOMED?

It is continuing speech or exhalation past the normal air capacity

42

What is happening when the Diaphragm is maximally FLATTENED?

Inhalation

43

How many attachements does the diaphram have?

LOTS!

44

When does the diaphragm become completely flat?

Never.  It is aways domed/rounded.

45

Where does the abdominal cavity fit into the bony box?

It starts at the last ribs and ends at the pelvis

46

What does URI stand for?

Upper Respiratory Infection

47

How many lobs does the LEFT lung have?

2 (due to the heart)

48

How many lobs does the RIGHT lung have?

3

49

Emphysema causes the walls of the ______  to be destroyed.

Alveolar septae

50

What are the Alveolar Septae?

Walls of air sacs

51

Emphysema causes the alveoli become ______, ______ and __________.

Larger

Irregular

Decrease in number

52

Emphysema causes the __________ to be impaired and the ability to__________ is poor.

Diffusion of O2 and CO2 

Exchange gases

53

How does smoking increase wrinkles?

Decreased collagen

Decreased elasticity of tissues.

54

Label the following:

A = Superior Vertebral Notch

B = Superior Costal Facet

C = Inferior Costal Facet

D = Inferior Vertebral Notch

E = Spinous Process

F = Transverse Costal Process

G = Pedicle

H = Superior Articular Facet

55

Label the following:

A = Spinous Process

B = Transverse Process

C = Superior Articular Process

D = Corpus

E = Superior Costal Facet

F = Transverse Costal Facet

G = Vertebral Foremen

56

What goes into the Vertebral Corpus?

Spinal Cord

57

What goes into the Costal Facets?

Ribs

58

Label the following:

A = Manubrosternal Angle

B = Articulating Facets (for other ribs)

C = Corpus Sterni

D = Ensiform Process

59

Label the following:

A = Suprasternal Notch

B = Clavicle Articular Facet

C = Manubrium Sterni

D = First Rib Articular Facet

60

What is another name for the Ensiform Process?

Xiphoid Process