2.01 - Respiration for Speech Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2.01 - Respiration for Speech Deck (91)
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61

Label the following:

A = Right Phrenic Nerve

B = Left Phrenic Nerve

C = Mediastinum

62

Label the following:

A = Pubis

B = Pubic Symphysis

C = Ischium

D = Ilium

E = Iliac Crest

63

What goes through the hole between the Ischium and the Pubis?

Nerves & vascular tissue

64

Label the following:

A = Sacrum

B = Coccyx

65

Label the following:

A = Breathing Apparatus

B = Pulmonary Apparatus

C = Chest Wall

D = Pulmonary-Chest Wall Unit

66

Label the following:

A = Opening for Vena Cava (Vein)

B = Central Tendon

C = Opening for Aorta

D = Vertebral Attachment

E = Rib Attachment

F = Opening for Esophagus

G = Sternal Attachement

67

Label the following:

A = Maximally Domed

B = Maximally Flattened

C = Resting Shape

68

How does the Diaphragm move?  What is this part?

Up and down, to the sides, FRONTWARDS, to the back

Central tendon

69

What connects the diaphragm to the spine?

Central tendon

70

Label the following:

A = Vertebral column

B = Scapula

C = Cervical Verebrae

D = Thoracic Vertebrae

E = Lumbar Vertebrae

F = Sacral Verebrae

G = Coccygeal Vertebrae

71

Label the following:

A = Clavicle

B = Humerus

C = Ribs

D = Pelvic Girdle

E = Costal Cartilage

F = Sternum

72

Label the following:

A = Blood from tissue

B = Gas

C = CO2

D = O2

E = Blood to Tissue

73

Label the following:

A = Upper Respiratory Tract

B = Lower Respiratory Tract

74

Label the following:

A = Nasal Cavity

B = Pharynx

C = Larynx

D = Trachea

E = Primary Bronchi

F = Lungs

75

What are the Active forces involved in the Respiratory Pump?

Muscular

76

What are the Passive Forces involved in the Respiratory Pump?

(3)

The ones that are nonmuscular

Recoil

Gravity

77

How is the Air Itself involved in the Respiratory Pump?

(2)

Behavior of gas & pressure

Physics

78

How are the Air Passageways involved in the Respiratory Pump?

Pulmonary structures

79

What are the Bronchiole?

The branches in the lungs that hold the aveoli

80

What is the capillary bed?

(2)

It wraps around aveoli

Allows for gas exchange

81

What is Intraoral Pressure?

The pressure in the mouth

82

What is Subglottal Pressure?

The pressure below the vocal folds

83

What is Alveolar Pressure?

(2)

The pressure in the aveoli

The pressure in the lungs

84

What is Intrapleural Pressure?

The pressure between the pleural linings

85

What is a Spirogram?  What is on each axis?

(3)

A graph of what's going on in the lungs

X=Axis = Time

Y-Axis = Lung Volume

86

When the diaphragm relaxes it ________.

Goes up and back

87

What four things does the diaphragm connect to?

Spine

Ribs

Sternum

Vertebrae

88

What is relaxation pressure?

Recoil of muscle and tissue

89

What is relaxation pressure  proportional to?

Lung volume

Alveolar pressure

90

What is a Surfactent?

The lubricating substance that connects the pleura and causes them to act as one