3rd Quarter Merchandising Test 1 Flashcards Preview

MAKE YOUR OWN CARDS!!!! :) > 3rd Quarter Merchandising Test 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 3rd Quarter Merchandising Test 1 Deck (161):
1

Case or receptacle for dead human remains.

Coffin

2

Case or receptacle in which human remains are placed for protection, practical utility, and a suitable memory picture.Any box or container of one or more parts in which a dead human body is placed prior to interment, entombment, or cremation which may or may not be permanently interred, entombed, or cremated with the dead human body.

Casket

3

French word “casse”Chest of valuable possessions.Originally a jewelry box.

Casket

4

(FTC definition) A rigid container which is designed for the encasement of human remains and which is usually constructed of wood, metal, or like material and ornamented and lined with fabric

Casket

5

the purchase, display, and sale of goods

Merchandising

6

goods that are bought and sold

Merchandise

7

Examples of merchandise

CasketsVaultsUrns ClothingRegister books, memorial cards, etc.

8

What is the shape of a coffin?

Anthropoidal Shaped (human shaped)

9

What is the shape of a casket?

Rectangular Shaped

10

Materials from which caskets are made?

Wood Metal Polymer Fiberglass

11

Composition of wood

CelluloseLignin

12

1000's of tiny hollow cells

Cellulose

13

Glue that binds cellulose togetherAllows wood to breathe

Lignin

14

Types of wood:

Solid woodLaminatesWood by products

15

Two categories of woods

HardwoodsSoftwoods

16

Deciduous / Leaf bearing trees / Close grain patternStrong and tough / More expensive than softwoods.Lose leaves in the fall

Hardwoods

17

Types of Hardwoods

Birch Cherry MahoganyMaple Oak Walnut

18

Constructed from different species of wood.

Select hardwoods

19

Examples of Select Hardwoods

cotton woodwillow tulip tree Salix

20

Select Hardwoods is also called...

Salix orWillow

21

Component parts of a single casket will NOT__________________

necessarily be constructed of the same species of wood.

22

Coniferous (Cone-bearing trees with needles)Less distinct grain patternKnot holes and other imperfections Soft and easy to work

Softwoods

23

Types of softwoods

Pine Spruce Cedar Poplar

24

Cone-bearing

Coniferous

25

Made by uniting superimposed layers of different materials.

Laminates

26

Types of Laminates

Wood veneer Artificial laminate

27

Not cone-bearing; is the ONLY softwood used in making select hardwood caskets.

Poplar

28

Created by gluing thin layer of wood of superior value or excellent grain to an inferior wood.

Wood veneer

29

Created by gluing thin layers of man-made material to an inferior wood or other material.

Artificial laminate

30

Examples of Artificial Laminate

Formica Vinyl

31

Types of Wood by-products

Corrugated fiberboard Composition board Plywood

32

Cardboard

Corrugated fiberboard

33

Particles of wood bonded together with waterproof glue.Different types distinguished by size and shape of wood particles.

Composition board

34

Types of composition boards...

Particle boardPressed boardFiberboardHardboardFlakeboard

35

Wood by products are used in the construction of...

Alternative containersCloth covered caskets (offered by York and Batesville Casket Companies)

36

Thin sheets of wood glued together with grains at right angle to one another.Odd number of sheets so grain on front and back runs same direction.

Plywood

37

Wood is measured in....

board feet

38

Board foot is....

1 foot square and 1 inch thick

39

An average casket contains how many board feet?

over 300

40

Wood is stronger than....

metal

41

Wood retains....

its shape longer

42

Wood caskets cannot be

“sealing” or “protective.”due to cellulose and lignin.

43

typically wood caskets do not contain

glass or bronze insert, but it is possible

44

People select wood because of....

1. natural warmth & beauty2. uniqueness in grain patterns from species to species3. familiarity4. use in furniture and homes

45

Batesville provides for the Military when killed in active duty.

Revere Silver

46

Any metal formed from iron

Ferrous (Latin for iron) metal

47

The most common Ferrous Metal used in casket construction

SteelStainless Steel

48

Metal alloy (mixture) consisting mainly of iron and carbon.Commercial steel contains carbon in an amount up to 1.7%.Essential alloying constituent.

Steel

49

a substance composed of two or more metals.

ALLOY

50

Steel used in caskets because...

Low in carbonKeeps it soft (mild)Malleable (bendable, workable)

51

Measurement of thickness of metals.

Gauge

52

Number of sheets of metal necessary, that if stacked, would equal approximately one inch of thickness.

U.S. Standard Gauge

53

16 gauge is

1/16 of an inch

54

20 gauge is

1/20 of an inch

55

Characteristics of 16 guage

Lower gaugeThicker metal16 gauge is 67% thicker than 20 gauge.

56

Characteristics of 20 guage

Higher gaugeThinner metal

57

Metal alloy of steel, chromium, and sometimes nickelResist rust and corrosionMust have a minimum of 11% chormium

Stainless steel

58

Classification of stainless steel

400 Series (magnetic)300 Series (non-magnetic)

59

12% chromium0% nickelUsed in car mufflers

400 Series (magnetic)

60

18% chromium8% nickel Premium grade - stronger and better casketUsed in table ware, sailboats, cleats, shackler, jet engines.

300 Series (non-magnetic)

61

What makes the 300 series non-magnetic

The nickel

62

Any metal not formed from iron

Non-ferrous metal

63

Types of Non-ferrous metals

CopperBronze

64

Non-ferrous metals are also called

Precious &Semi-precious metals

65

Malleable, ductile, metallic elementCharacteristic reddish brown colorNaturally resistant to rust/corrosion

Copper

66

Types of copper caskets

Wrought copperCopper depositSeamless solid cast copper

67

A naturally occurring element that is mined out of the ground...NOT AN ALLOY.

Copper

68

Copper metal rolled into sheetsSheets pressed to form casket shell

Wrought copper

69

Core of copper metalCopper ions combined by an electrolytic process

Copper deposit

70

Molten copper poured into a moldMold broken awayVery expensive

Seamless solid cast copper

71

Metal alloy consisting of 90% copper with tin and sometimes zinc comprising the other 10%.Naturally resistant to rust/corrosion

Bronze

72

Types of bronze casket

Wrought bronzeCast bronze

73

What gives Bronze it's color?

Tin or Zinc

74

Bronze metal rolled into sheetsSheets pressed to form casket shell.

Wrought bronze

75

Bronze is more expensive than Copper because...

it is mixed with 10% tin and sometimes zinc

76

Molten bronze poured into a mold and allowed to cool

Cast bronze

77

The most expensive type of casket is a....

Cast bronze casket

78

Classification of non-ferrous metals

Ounces per square footBrown and Sharpe gauge32 oz. (2lbs)48 oz. (3lbs)

79

Compound with a high molecular weightSimilar in appearance to plasticExtremely durable

Polymer

80

Other materials used in casket construction

PolymerFiberglass

81

Fine filaments of glass embedded in various resins

Fiberglass

82

Also used to manufacture infant caskets

Fiberglass

83

Main portions of the casket.

ShellCap(s)Body

84

Component parts consisting of the cap(s) and body.Seeing a closed casket is considered the ______.

Shell

85

Top most part of the casket shell.

Cap(s) (head & foot cap)

86

Portion of casket shell below the cap(s).

Body

87

Parts of the cap

CrownRimPieHeaderRim flangeGasket channel (not labeled)

88

Upper most part of the cap.Extend from rim to rim.Everything above the rim.

Crown

89

“S” shaped molding.Ogee.

Rim

90

Wedge shaped portion at each end of the crown.

Pie

91

ONLY Found on half - couch caskets.Medial portion (medium) of the head and foot cap.Face each other when the cap is closed.

Header

92

Turned under edge or horizontal portion of the rim/ogee.Comes in contact with the gasket or top body molding flange.

Rim flange

93

ONLY Found on half-couch gasketed caskets.Integral part of foot cap header.Holds transverse gasket to seal space between head and foot caps.

Gasket channel

94

Also called an Ogee

Rim

95

Rim Flange is also called...

Ogee flange.

96

Header is also called...

Bridge

97

Parts of the Body of the casket

Top Body Molding Flange

98

The Pie of the casket is also called....

fishtail

99

Horizontal portion of top body molding.Placement of gasket on protective casket.

Top Body Molding Flange

100

Top Body Molding Flange is also called...

Body ledge flange

101

Molding along uppermost edge of the body panels.

Top body molding

102

Top body molding is also called...

Body ledge

103

Sides and ends of the casket shell.Side - on front and back sides.End - at head and foot ends.Where the handles are attached.

Body panels2 sides (front & back) & 2 ends (head & foot)

104

Less expensive caskets do not contain...

Top body molding

105

Molding along lower most edge of the body panel.

Base molding

106

Portion of casket body that is not visible.Rest on the bier.

Bottom

107

Reinforcing groves in bottom.Add strength on metal caskets.

Stiffeners

108

Casket hardware

HandlesCornersThese are added to the shell.

109

Types of casket handles

Swing barStationary barBail

110

Moveable casket handle with a hinged arm.Full lengthIndividual

Swing bar handle

111

Runs entire length of each side body panel.

Full length swing bar handle

112

Single handlePlaced along end and side body panel.One for each casket bearer.

Individual swing bar handle

113

Non-moveable casket handle.Full lengthIndividual

Stationary bar handle

114

Runs entire length of side body panel.

Full length stationary bar handle

115

Placed along end and side body panel.One for each casket bearer.

Individual stationary bar handle

116

Single handleLug, arm, and bar are combined in one unit.

Bail handle

117

Parts of the casket handle

LugArmBarTip (not labeled)

118

Attached to the casket body.Ear

Lug

119

Attaches the bar to the lug.

Arm

120

Attached to the lug(stationary) or arm(swing)Grasped by the casket bearers.

Bar

121

Found on each end of the BARDecorative or ornamental portion.Covers exposed ends of the bar.Found only on swing bar handles.

Tip

122

The lug is also known as the.....

ear

123

Optional parts of the hardware.Attached to four corners of the body panel.Ornamental...covers seam where the corners meet

Corners of the casket

124

construction of handles and corners

metal (cast & stamped)plastic (extrusion)

125

Molten metal poured into a mold, allowed to cool, and remove from mold.Most expensive hardware production method.

Cast

126

Sheets of metal pressed into hardware components on a hydraulic press.Less expensive hardware.

Stamped hardware

127

Method of molding plasticInject molten plastic into a dye.

Plastic extrusion molding hardware

128

Interior components of a casket

Cap PanelRollGimpThrowApronExtendoverBedMattress coverBody liningHinge coverPillowBlanket

129

types of casket caps

full couchhalf couch

130

cap lifts as one complete unitcasket fully opened at head and foot endsexposes entire body

full couch caskets

131

rim, crown, and pies formed as one uniteraises as one piece

perfection full couch casket

132

cap cut into two sectionshead capfoot caponly head cap is opened for viewing

half couch caskets

133

rim, crown, and pie are formed as one unit with a transverse cut in the cap.forms head and foot cap

perfection half couch casket

134

focal part of the interiorfills the inside of the crownsometimes bordered by the rollComponents of the cap panel: Head panel Foot panel

cap panel

135

interior portion of the head cap

head panel

136

interior portion of the foot cap.

foot panel

137

in full couch casketfunctional or ornamental covering in foot endor located at both head and foot ends

inner panels

138

lines the rim and surrounds the cap panelsimilar to a picture frame

roll

139

strip of metal, plastic, or cloth attached to cap interior.covers area where roll is anchored to the rim flange

gimp

140

aesthetic covering for foot cap or inner foot panel

throw

141

portion of the throw extends downward into body of the casket or lining attached to under-surface of the foot panel

apron

142

extends over the top body molding for aesthetic value

extendover

143

portion on which decedent is placed.stationary/adjustable

bed

144

non-moveable bed

stationary bed

145

moveableRaised and lowered with mechanical device.Tilting mechanism allows side to side movement.Proper positioning of decedent.

adjustable bed

146

Individual swing bar handle is also known as...

Single swing bar handle

147

Individual stationary bar handle is also known as...

Single stationary bar handle

148

Interior cloth or materialCovers mattress or bedding.

Mattress cover

149

Material which drapes the inside perimeter of the body of the casket.

Body lining

150

Covers the hinges that attach casket cap to casket body.Extends from the roll and becomes a part of the body lining.

hinge cover

151

the hinge cover is also called

hinge skirt

152

Small cloth sleeveCovers hinge which keeps the head cap open.

hinge sleeve

153

types of pillows

headfoot

154

for placement and positioning of decedent's head

head pillow

155

for feet in full couch casket

foot pillow

156

no distinction between head and foot panels in a _______________

full couch casket

157

Covers lower portion of decedent in a full couch casket.In absence of inner foot panel

Blanket

158

the ROLL is also called....

covepuffing

159

Gimp is also known as...

fold

160

a throw is also known as

OverthrowOverlay

161

the apron is also known as the....

skirt