Flashcards in 3rd Quarter Merchandising Test 1 Deck (161):
Case or receptacle for dead human remains.
Case or receptacle in which human remains are placed for protection, practical utility, and a suitable memory picture.Any box or container of one or more parts in which a dead human body is placed prior to interment, entombment, or cremation which may or may not be permanently interred, entombed, or cremated with the dead human body.
French word “casse”Chest of valuable possessions.Originally a jewelry box.
(FTC definition) A rigid container which is designed for the encasement of human remains and which is usually constructed of wood, metal, or like material and ornamented and lined with fabric
the purchase, display, and sale of goods
goods that are bought and sold
Examples of merchandise
CasketsVaultsUrns ClothingRegister books, memorial cards, etc.
What is the shape of a coffin?
Anthropoidal Shaped (human shaped)
What is the shape of a casket?
Materials from which caskets are made?
Wood Metal Polymer Fiberglass
Composition of wood
1000's of tiny hollow cells
Glue that binds cellulose togetherAllows wood to breathe
Types of wood:
Solid woodLaminatesWood by products
Two categories of woods
Deciduous / Leaf bearing trees / Close grain patternStrong and tough / More expensive than softwoods.Lose leaves in the fall
Types of Hardwoods
Birch Cherry MahoganyMaple Oak Walnut
Constructed from different species of wood.
Examples of Select Hardwoods
cotton woodwillow tulip tree Salix
Select Hardwoods is also called...
Component parts of a single casket will NOT__________________
necessarily be constructed of the same species of wood.
Coniferous (Cone-bearing trees with needles)Less distinct grain patternKnot holes and other imperfections Soft and easy to work
Types of softwoods
Pine Spruce Cedar Poplar
Made by uniting superimposed layers of different materials.
Types of Laminates
Wood veneer Artificial laminate
Not cone-bearing; is the ONLY softwood used in making select hardwood caskets.
Created by gluing thin layer of wood of superior value or excellent grain to an inferior wood.
Created by gluing thin layers of man-made material to an inferior wood or other material.
Examples of Artificial Laminate
Types of Wood by-products
Corrugated fiberboard Composition board Plywood
Particles of wood bonded together with waterproof glue.Different types distinguished by size and shape of wood particles.
Types of composition boards...
Particle boardPressed boardFiberboardHardboardFlakeboard
Wood by products are used in the construction of...
Alternative containersCloth covered caskets (offered by York and Batesville Casket Companies)
Thin sheets of wood glued together with grains at right angle to one another.Odd number of sheets so grain on front and back runs same direction.
Wood is measured in....
Board foot is....
1 foot square and 1 inch thick
An average casket contains how many board feet?
Wood is stronger than....
its shape longer
Wood caskets cannot be
“sealing” or “protective.”due to cellulose and lignin.
typically wood caskets do not contain
glass or bronze insert, but it is possible
People select wood because of....
1. natural warmth & beauty2. uniqueness in grain patterns from species to species3. familiarity4. use in furniture and homes
Batesville provides for the Military when killed in active duty.
Any metal formed from iron
Ferrous (Latin for iron) metal
The most common Ferrous Metal used in casket construction
Metal alloy (mixture) consisting mainly of iron and carbon.Commercial steel contains carbon in an amount up to 1.7%.Essential alloying constituent.
a substance composed of two or more metals.
Steel used in caskets because...
Low in carbonKeeps it soft (mild)Malleable (bendable, workable)
Measurement of thickness of metals.
Number of sheets of metal necessary, that if stacked, would equal approximately one inch of thickness.
U.S. Standard Gauge
16 gauge is
1/16 of an inch
20 gauge is
1/20 of an inch
Characteristics of 16 guage
Lower gaugeThicker metal16 gauge is 67% thicker than 20 gauge.
Characteristics of 20 guage
Higher gaugeThinner metal
Metal alloy of steel, chromium, and sometimes nickelResist rust and corrosionMust have a minimum of 11% chormium
Classification of stainless steel
400 Series (magnetic)300 Series (non-magnetic)
12% chromium0% nickelUsed in car mufflers
400 Series (magnetic)
18% chromium8% nickel Premium grade - stronger and better casketUsed in table ware, sailboats, cleats, shackler, jet engines.
300 Series (non-magnetic)
What makes the 300 series non-magnetic
Any metal not formed from iron
Types of Non-ferrous metals
Non-ferrous metals are also called
Precious &Semi-precious metals
Malleable, ductile, metallic elementCharacteristic reddish brown colorNaturally resistant to rust/corrosion
Types of copper caskets
Wrought copperCopper depositSeamless solid cast copper
A naturally occurring element that is mined out of the ground...NOT AN ALLOY.
Copper metal rolled into sheetsSheets pressed to form casket shell
Core of copper metalCopper ions combined by an electrolytic process
Molten copper poured into a moldMold broken awayVery expensive
Seamless solid cast copper
Metal alloy consisting of 90% copper with tin and sometimes zinc comprising the other 10%.Naturally resistant to rust/corrosion
Types of bronze casket
Wrought bronzeCast bronze
What gives Bronze it's color?
Tin or Zinc
Bronze metal rolled into sheetsSheets pressed to form casket shell.
Bronze is more expensive than Copper because...
it is mixed with 10% tin and sometimes zinc
Molten bronze poured into a mold and allowed to cool
The most expensive type of casket is a....
Cast bronze casket
Classification of non-ferrous metals
Ounces per square footBrown and Sharpe gauge32 oz. (2lbs)48 oz. (3lbs)
Compound with a high molecular weightSimilar in appearance to plasticExtremely durable
Other materials used in casket construction
Fine filaments of glass embedded in various resins
Also used to manufacture infant caskets
Main portions of the casket.
Component parts consisting of the cap(s) and body.Seeing a closed casket is considered the ______.
Top most part of the casket shell.
Cap(s) (head & foot cap)
Portion of casket shell below the cap(s).
Parts of the cap
CrownRimPieHeaderRim flangeGasket channel (not labeled)
Upper most part of the cap.Extend from rim to rim.Everything above the rim.
“S” shaped molding.Ogee.
Wedge shaped portion at each end of the crown.
ONLY Found on half - couch caskets.Medial portion (medium) of the head and foot cap.Face each other when the cap is closed.
Turned under edge or horizontal portion of the rim/ogee.Comes in contact with the gasket or top body molding flange.
ONLY Found on half-couch gasketed caskets.Integral part of foot cap header.Holds transverse gasket to seal space between head and foot caps.
Also called an Ogee
Rim Flange is also called...
Header is also called...
Parts of the Body of the casket
Top Body Molding Flange
The Pie of the casket is also called....
Horizontal portion of top body molding.Placement of gasket on protective casket.
Top Body Molding Flange
Top Body Molding Flange is also called...
Body ledge flange
Molding along uppermost edge of the body panels.
Top body molding
Top body molding is also called...
Sides and ends of the casket shell.Side - on front and back sides.End - at head and foot ends.Where the handles are attached.
Body panels2 sides (front & back) & 2 ends (head & foot)
Less expensive caskets do not contain...
Top body molding
Molding along lower most edge of the body panel.
Portion of casket body that is not visible.Rest on the bier.
Reinforcing groves in bottom.Add strength on metal caskets.
HandlesCornersThese are added to the shell.
Types of casket handles
Swing barStationary barBail
Moveable casket handle with a hinged arm.Full lengthIndividual
Swing bar handle
Runs entire length of each side body panel.
Full length swing bar handle
Single handlePlaced along end and side body panel.One for each casket bearer.
Individual swing bar handle
Non-moveable casket handle.Full lengthIndividual
Stationary bar handle
Runs entire length of side body panel.
Full length stationary bar handle
Placed along end and side body panel.One for each casket bearer.
Individual stationary bar handle
Single handleLug, arm, and bar are combined in one unit.
Parts of the casket handle
LugArmBarTip (not labeled)
Attached to the casket body.Ear
Attaches the bar to the lug.
Attached to the lug(stationary) or arm(swing)Grasped by the casket bearers.
Found on each end of the BARDecorative or ornamental portion.Covers exposed ends of the bar.Found only on swing bar handles.
The lug is also known as the.....
Optional parts of the hardware.Attached to four corners of the body panel.Ornamental...covers seam where the corners meet
Corners of the casket
construction of handles and corners
metal (cast & stamped)plastic (extrusion)
Molten metal poured into a mold, allowed to cool, and remove from mold.Most expensive hardware production method.
Sheets of metal pressed into hardware components on a hydraulic press.Less expensive hardware.
Method of molding plasticInject molten plastic into a dye.
Plastic extrusion molding hardware
Interior components of a casket
Cap PanelRollGimpThrowApronExtendoverBedMattress coverBody liningHinge coverPillowBlanket
types of casket caps
full couchhalf couch
cap lifts as one complete unitcasket fully opened at head and foot endsexposes entire body
full couch caskets
rim, crown, and pies formed as one uniteraises as one piece
perfection full couch casket
cap cut into two sectionshead capfoot caponly head cap is opened for viewing
half couch caskets
rim, crown, and pie are formed as one unit with a transverse cut in the cap.forms head and foot cap
perfection half couch casket
focal part of the interiorfills the inside of the crownsometimes bordered by the rollComponents of the cap panel: Head panel Foot panel
interior portion of the head cap
interior portion of the foot cap.
in full couch casketfunctional or ornamental covering in foot endor located at both head and foot ends
lines the rim and surrounds the cap panelsimilar to a picture frame
strip of metal, plastic, or cloth attached to cap interior.covers area where roll is anchored to the rim flange
aesthetic covering for foot cap or inner foot panel
portion of the throw extends downward into body of the casket or lining attached to under-surface of the foot panel
extends over the top body molding for aesthetic value
portion on which decedent is placed.stationary/adjustable
moveableRaised and lowered with mechanical device.Tilting mechanism allows side to side movement.Proper positioning of decedent.
Individual swing bar handle is also known as...
Single swing bar handle
Individual stationary bar handle is also known as...
Single stationary bar handle
Interior cloth or materialCovers mattress or bedding.
Material which drapes the inside perimeter of the body of the casket.
Covers the hinges that attach casket cap to casket body.Extends from the roll and becomes a part of the body lining.
the hinge cover is also called
Small cloth sleeveCovers hinge which keeps the head cap open.
types of pillows
for placement and positioning of decedent's head
for feet in full couch casket
no distinction between head and foot panels in a _______________
full couch casket
Covers lower portion of decedent in a full couch casket.In absence of inner foot panel
the ROLL is also called....
Gimp is also known as...
a throw is also known as