3rd Quarter Restorative Art FINAL Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 3rd Quarter Restorative Art FINAL Deck (72):
1

Character lines, wrinkles, grooves, cords of the neck, and dimples of the face

facial markings

2

facial markings in its purest form are caused by...

muscles

3

factors responsible for facial markings

1. Age & Heredity
2. Environment
3. Muscle striation & action
4. Position of the body
5. Condition of the body

4

rapid weight gain

corpulence

5

a hollow or shallow concave area in a surface

depression

6

(wrinkle) a crevice in the skin accompanied by adjacent elevations

furrow

7

an elongated depression in a relatively level plane or surface

groove

8

elongated prominence adjoining a surface

fold

9

a prominence or projections of a bone

eminence

10

shallow depressions located on the cheek or chin in a rounded or vertical form

dimple

11

a furrow, wrinkle, or groove

sulcus

12

classification of facial markings

natural
acquired

13

those markings present at birth

natural facial markings

14

those markings developed throughout a lifetime

acquired facial markings

15

neither natural nor acquired facial markings which occur on both sides of the face are truly symmetrical

asymmetry of facial markings

16

the termination of all facial markings is

indefinite

17

physiognomy of natural facial markings

1. philtrum
2. nasolabial fold
3. nasal sulcus
4. oblique palpebral sulcus
5. angulus oris eminence
6. angulus oris sulcus
7. labial mental sulcus
8. submental suclus
9. dimbles

18

vertical groove on superior lip
located medially on the superior lip
extends from the columna nasi & the margin of the red lip (superior etigment)
forms an irregular parenthetical curve

philtrum

19

the greatest depth of the philtrum corresponds to...

its widest part

20

the philtrum can become __________ in very ______________________

obscured
old age

21

anterior fold of the cheek which descends laterally along the upper lip from the wing of the nose; a natural facial marking

nasolabial fold

22

linear outline of the nasolabial fold

1. curved
2. straight
3. sinuous (backward S)

23

furrow is the same as...

wrinkle

24

physiognomy of acquired facial markings

1. nasolabial sulcus
2. transverse frontal sulci
3. interciliary sulci
4. optic facial sulci
5. superior palpebral sulcus
6. inferior palpebral sulcus
7. bucco-facial sulcus
8. mandible sulcus
9. labial sulci
10. platysmal sulci
11. cords of the neck

25

factors responsible for facial markings concerning conditions of the body...

1. Rapid weight loss
2. Pathological condition
3. Corpulence
4. Trauma

26

called an angular area
along the posterior margin of the wing of the nose and the nasolabial fold.

nasal sulcus

27

at an angle...shallow curving groove below the medial corner of the eyelids.

oblique palpebral sulcus

28

revisit definition for...
this is essential to facial expression
hard to see because it doesn't have definite borders

angulus oris eminence

29

the elevation is formed by the combined insertions of the...

1. zygomatic muscles
2. buccinator muscle
3. triangularis muscle

30

this accompanies the angulus oris eminence...

angulus oris sulcus

31

make sure you know the difference of

angulus oris eminence vs. angulus oris sulcus

32

in youth the angulus oris sulcus tends to be...

triangular

33

the junction of the lower integementary lip and the superior border of the chin
may appear as a furrow...even in a child

labiomental sulcus

34

the highest point of the labiomental sulcus is...

along the midline

35

the submental furrow is also called the...

submental sulcus

36

immediately inferior to the mandible

submental furrow

37

junction of the base of the chin and the sub-mandibular area. may appear as a furrow and helps to create the double chin.

submental furrow

38

submental furrow is most noticeable from the...

profile view

39

almost always on a transverse plane with a line of closer of the mouth

dimples

40

elongated dimple on chin (cleft dimple) is always on the...

median line

41

chin dimples are typically more permanent than...

cheek dimples

42

furrow that is adjacent or medial to the nasolabial fold

nasolabial sulcus

43

caused by the continual contraction of the multiheaded quadratus labi superiorus muscle

nasolabial sulcus

44

horizontal furrows across the forehead

transverse frontal sulci

45

transverse frontal sulci vary in...

depth
curvature
inclination

46

transverse frontal sulci can be either...

continuous or
interrupted

47

the depth _____________ in transverse frontal sulci towards its end

diminishes

48

most common form of dip intransverse frontal sulci is at the...

central plane

49

transverse frontal sulci is caused by the continual contraction of the _________________

occipitofrontalis muscle

50

the two classifications of interciliary sulci

1. vertical
2. transverse

51

vertical or slightly oblique furrows that extend upward from the roof of the nose up into (or thru) the eyebrows

vertical interciliary sulci

52

the vertical interciliary sulci is caused by the continual contraction of the

corrugator muscle

53

vertical interciliary sulci is also known as...

frowning furrows

54

transverse inteciliary sulci is caused by the continual contraction of the

procerus muscle

55

furrows that run side to side between eyebrows

transverse interciliary sulci

56

furrows radiating from the lateral corner of the eye

optic facial sulci

57

optic facial sulci is caused by the continual contraction of the...

orbicularis oculi muscle

58

usually the ________ are the _____ acquired facial markings to appear

optic facial sulci
first

59

Furrow on the superior border of the upper eyelid.
Apparent when there is an absence of fatty tissue in that region and when the tissues are firm

superior palpebral sulcus

60

Furrow of the lower attached border of the inferior palpebral...the inferior eyelid

inferior palpebral sulcus

61

bags under the eyes...fullness found between the inferior palpebral sulcus & the oblique palpebral sulcus

infraorbital pouch

62

infraorbital pouch is also called

orbital pouch

63

vertical furrow of the cheek area

bucco-facial sulcus

64

see fig. 72 for examples of

bucco-facial sulcus

65

bucco-facial sulcus can sometimes join into the...

madibular sulcus

66

furrow beneath the jawline that meets?????

mandibular sulcus

67

multiple forms of mandibular sulci

serrated jawline

68

transverse dipping furrows of the neck...run across the front and sides of the neck

platysmal sulci

69

the vertical prominence of the neck is considered the

cords of the neck

70

cords of the neck are more prominent on...

thinner individuals

71

furrows of age
vertical furrows that extend from the upper and lower red lip area (mucus membrane) into the integementary area...generally occur first in the upper lip.

labial sulci

72

labial sulci is also known as..

the furrows of age