Flashcards in 3rd Quarter Restorative Art FINAL Deck (72):
Character lines, wrinkles, grooves, cords of the neck, and dimples of the face
facial markings in its purest form are caused by...
factors responsible for facial markings
1. Age & Heredity
3. Muscle striation & action
4. Position of the body
5. Condition of the body
rapid weight gain
a hollow or shallow concave area in a surface
(wrinkle) a crevice in the skin accompanied by adjacent elevations
an elongated depression in a relatively level plane or surface
elongated prominence adjoining a surface
a prominence or projections of a bone
shallow depressions located on the cheek or chin in a rounded or vertical form
a furrow, wrinkle, or groove
classification of facial markings
those markings present at birth
natural facial markings
those markings developed throughout a lifetime
acquired facial markings
neither natural nor acquired facial markings which occur on both sides of the face are truly symmetrical
asymmetry of facial markings
the termination of all facial markings is
physiognomy of natural facial markings
2. nasolabial fold
3. nasal sulcus
4. oblique palpebral sulcus
5. angulus oris eminence
6. angulus oris sulcus
7. labial mental sulcus
8. submental suclus
vertical groove on superior lip
located medially on the superior lip
extends from the columna nasi & the margin of the red lip (superior etigment)
forms an irregular parenthetical curve
the greatest depth of the philtrum corresponds to...
its widest part
the philtrum can become __________ in very ______________________
anterior fold of the cheek which descends laterally along the upper lip from the wing of the nose; a natural facial marking
linear outline of the nasolabial fold
3. sinuous (backward S)
furrow is the same as...
physiognomy of acquired facial markings
1. nasolabial sulcus
2. transverse frontal sulci
3. interciliary sulci
4. optic facial sulci
5. superior palpebral sulcus
6. inferior palpebral sulcus
7. bucco-facial sulcus
8. mandible sulcus
9. labial sulci
10. platysmal sulci
11. cords of the neck
factors responsible for facial markings concerning conditions of the body...
1. Rapid weight loss
2. Pathological condition
called an angular area
along the posterior margin of the wing of the nose and the nasolabial fold.
at an angle...shallow curving groove below the medial corner of the eyelids.
oblique palpebral sulcus
revisit definition for...
this is essential to facial expression
hard to see because it doesn't have definite borders
angulus oris eminence
the elevation is formed by the combined insertions of the...
1. zygomatic muscles
2. buccinator muscle
3. triangularis muscle
this accompanies the angulus oris eminence...
angulus oris sulcus
make sure you know the difference of
angulus oris eminence vs. angulus oris sulcus
in youth the angulus oris sulcus tends to be...
the junction of the lower integementary lip and the superior border of the chin
may appear as a furrow...even in a child
the highest point of the labiomental sulcus is...
along the midline
the submental furrow is also called the...
immediately inferior to the mandible
junction of the base of the chin and the sub-mandibular area. may appear as a furrow and helps to create the double chin.
submental furrow is most noticeable from the...
almost always on a transverse plane with a line of closer of the mouth
elongated dimple on chin (cleft dimple) is always on the...
chin dimples are typically more permanent than...
furrow that is adjacent or medial to the nasolabial fold
caused by the continual contraction of the multiheaded quadratus labi superiorus muscle
horizontal furrows across the forehead
transverse frontal sulci
transverse frontal sulci vary in...
transverse frontal sulci can be either...
the depth _____________ in transverse frontal sulci towards its end
most common form of dip intransverse frontal sulci is at the...
transverse frontal sulci is caused by the continual contraction of the _________________
the two classifications of interciliary sulci
vertical or slightly oblique furrows that extend upward from the roof of the nose up into (or thru) the eyebrows
vertical interciliary sulci
the vertical interciliary sulci is caused by the continual contraction of the
vertical interciliary sulci is also known as...
transverse inteciliary sulci is caused by the continual contraction of the
furrows that run side to side between eyebrows
transverse interciliary sulci
furrows radiating from the lateral corner of the eye
optic facial sulci
optic facial sulci is caused by the continual contraction of the...
orbicularis oculi muscle
usually the ________ are the _____ acquired facial markings to appear
optic facial sulci
Furrow on the superior border of the upper eyelid.
Apparent when there is an absence of fatty tissue in that region and when the tissues are firm
superior palpebral sulcus
Furrow of the lower attached border of the inferior palpebral...the inferior eyelid
inferior palpebral sulcus
bags under the eyes...fullness found between the inferior palpebral sulcus & the oblique palpebral sulcus
infraorbital pouch is also called
vertical furrow of the cheek area
see fig. 72 for examples of
bucco-facial sulcus can sometimes join into the...
furrow beneath the jawline that meets?????
multiple forms of mandibular sulci
transverse dipping furrows of the neck...run across the front and sides of the neck
the vertical prominence of the neck is considered the
cords of the neck
cords of the neck are more prominent on...
furrows of age
vertical furrows that extend from the upper and lower red lip area (mucus membrane) into the integementary area...generally occur first in the upper lip.