3rd Quarter Pathology Test 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 3rd Quarter Pathology Test 5 Deck (153)
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1

Predisposing factors of diseases of the heart & blood vessels

1. Heredity
2. Obesity5
3. Diabetes
4. Elevated cholesterol levels
5. Social factors

2

condition or factors that make a person more susceptible to a disease.

Predisposing factors

3

Social factors regarding predisposing factors...

a) Smoking
b) Substance abuse
c) Stress - type A personality
d) Diet

4

Types of Heart conditions....

1. Dilatation
2. Hypertrophy
3. Endocarditis
4. Valvular defects
5. Pericarditis
6. Myocarditis
7. Rheumatic heart disease
8. Coronary artery disease
9. Cardiac failure
10. Myocardial infarcation
11. Hypertensive heart disease
12. Cardiomyopathy
13. Carditis

5

Dilatation used as a verb...

dilation

6

usually a temporary condition...INCREASE in the LENGTH or STRETCHING of heart muscle fibers.

dilatation

7

usually a permanent condition...INCREASE in size of the heart muscle by an INCREASE in the SIZE of the heart cells itself.

hypertrophy

8

inflammation of the endocardium

endocarditis

9

inner most layer of the heart...the layer of the heart in which heart valves are made.

endocardium

10

Types of Valvular Defects...

1. insufficiency
2. stenosis
3. prolapse

11

incompetence...failure of a heart valve to close or seat properly.

insufficiency

12

narrowing...a reduction or narrowing in the size of the opening controlled by a heart valve.

stenosis

13

weakening...(collapse) in the wall of a heart cusp making up a heart valve.

prolapse

14

inflammation of the pericardium

pericarditis

15

sac surrounding the heart

pericardium

16

inflammation of the myocaredium

myocarditis

17

muscle layer of the heart

myocardium

18

this heart disease is CONTAGIOUS...caused by Streptococcus Pyogenes and Ashoff bodies.

Rheumatic heart disease

19

a strict pathogen

streptococcus pyogenes

20

scar tissue which form in persons who recover from the childhood disease rheumatic fever

ashoff bodies

21

a disease affecting the coronary arteries

coronary artery disease

22

disease of the major vascular system of the body that conveys blood...Veins, Arteries, & Capillaries

blood vessel disease

23

inflammation of the arteries

arteritis

24

hardening of the blood vessels.

arteriosclerosis

25

This is a CHRONIC or slowly progressive disease. The late stage of hardening of the arteries. Seen mostly in the femoral arteries.

Arteriosclerosis

26

Diseases of the THE BLOOD VESSELS

1. Arteritis
2. Arteriosclerosis
3. Aneurysm
4. Phlebitis
5. Varicose veins

27

weakness in the wall of an artery...found mostly at the splitting of OR just above the bifurcation of the Abdominal Aorta.

Aneurysm

28

inflammation of a vein

phlebitis

29

dilated or engorged superficial veins. Can NOT be surgically removed

varicose veins

30

varicose veins are also called...

varices