Flashcards in 3rd Quarter Pathology Test 5 Deck (153)
Predisposing factors of diseases of the heart & blood vessels
4. Elevated cholesterol levels
5. Social factors
condition or factors that make a person more susceptible to a disease.
Social factors regarding predisposing factors...
b) Substance abuse
c) Stress - type A personality
Types of Heart conditions....
4. Valvular defects
7. Rheumatic heart disease
8. Coronary artery disease
9. Cardiac failure
10. Myocardial infarcation
11. Hypertensive heart disease
Dilatation used as a verb...
usually a temporary condition...INCREASE in the LENGTH or STRETCHING of heart muscle fibers.
usually a permanent condition...INCREASE in size of the heart muscle by an INCREASE in the SIZE of the heart cells itself.
inflammation of the endocardium
inner most layer of the heart...the layer of the heart in which heart valves are made.
Types of Valvular Defects...
incompetence...failure of a heart valve to close or seat properly.
narrowing...a reduction or narrowing in the size of the opening controlled by a heart valve.
weakening...(collapse) in the wall of a heart cusp making up a heart valve.
inflammation of the pericardium
sac surrounding the heart
inflammation of the myocaredium
muscle layer of the heart
this heart disease is CONTAGIOUS...caused by Streptococcus Pyogenes and Ashoff bodies.
Rheumatic heart disease
a strict pathogen
scar tissue which form in persons who recover from the childhood disease rheumatic fever
a disease affecting the coronary arteries
coronary artery disease
disease of the major vascular system of the body that conveys blood...Veins, Arteries, & Capillaries
blood vessel disease
inflammation of the arteries
hardening of the blood vessels.
This is a CHRONIC or slowly progressive disease. The late stage of hardening of the arteries. Seen mostly in the femoral arteries.
Diseases of the THE BLOOD VESSELS
5. Varicose veins
weakness in the wall of an artery...found mostly at the splitting of OR just above the bifurcation of the Abdominal Aorta.
inflammation of a vein
dilated or engorged superficial veins. Can NOT be surgically removed