Flashcards in 3rd Quarter Pathology Test 1 Deck (121)
Study of disease
any abnormal condition which impairs the normal functioning of the body. Local disease and genetic diseases can occur.
was the leading cause of death in the early 1900’s
the leading cause of death TODAY
CVD- Cardiovascular Disease
Another name for CAUSE
The cause of disease is divided into what 2 categories?
Immediate (exciting) &Predisposing
The beginning of disease. The manner in which a particular disease develops.
3 parts of disease that we study
1. Cause (Etiology) 2. Pathogenesis 3. Changes and final effects brought about in the body.
Study of general disease processes, such as inflammation, degeneration, necrosis (localized area of dead tissue in a living body), repair (i.e.: scar tissue), etc.
The body's total response to any injury
Study of disease in relation to a particular organ or the organs system. Ie., disease of the digestive track.
5 Divisions of Pathology
1. Pathological Anatomy (Morbid Anatomy) 2. Surgical Pathology3. Clinical Pathology 4. Medico - Legal Pathology (forensic pathology) 5. Physiological Pathology
The study of the structure of the human body as affected by disease.
Pathological Anatomy (Morbid Anatomy)
localized area of dead tissue in a living body
Study of disease by means of biopsies.
The study of disease by means of:body secretions (useful substances produced within the body), body excretions (waste substances rid from the body), & other body fluids.
Legal Pathology (forensic pathology) the study of disease, death, and injuries with medical/legal potential.
2 methods to study Pathological Anatomy (Morbid Anatomy)
1.) Gross Inspection 2.) Histopathology
See changes of the structure of the body with the unaided eye.
A study of the structure of the cell as affected by disease, by means of microscope. Disease at cellular levels.
The study of the functions of the body as affected by disease.
A study of disease by samples of tissue removed surgically from a living person.
useful substances produced within the body
waste products that are rid from the body
The study of deaths and injuries of medical and legal significance
The study of the function of the human body as affected by disease.
Medico-Legal Pathology is also known as...
Importance of autopsy
1. Confirm medical diagnosis2. Amplify or reject the clinical diagnosis3. Advancement of medical knowledge 4. Medico-legal cases5. Medical statistics
Autopsy is also known as...
necropsy or postmortem exam