3rd Quarter Pathology Test 1 Flashcards Preview

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1

Study of disease

Pathology

2

any abnormal condition which impairs the normal functioning of the body. Local disease and genetic diseases can occur.

Disease

3

was the leading cause of death in the early 1900’s

TB

4

the leading cause of death TODAY

CVD- Cardiovascular Disease

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Another name for CAUSE

Etiology

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The cause of disease is divided into what 2 categories?

Immediate (exciting) &Predisposing

7

The beginning of disease. The manner in which a particular disease develops.

Pathogenesis

8

3 parts of disease that we study

1. Cause (Etiology) 2. Pathogenesis 3. Changes and final effects brought about in the body.

9

Study of general disease processes, such as inflammation, degeneration, necrosis (localized area of dead tissue in a living body), repair (i.e.: scar tissue), etc.

General Pathology

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The body's total response to any injury

inflammation

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Study of disease in relation to a particular organ or the organs system. Ie., disease of the digestive track.

Special Pathology

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5 Divisions of Pathology

1. Pathological Anatomy (Morbid Anatomy) 2. Surgical Pathology3. Clinical Pathology 4. Medico - Legal Pathology (forensic pathology) 5. Physiological Pathology

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The study of the structure of the human body as affected by disease.

Pathological Anatomy (Morbid Anatomy)

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localized area of dead tissue in a living body

necrosis

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Study of disease by means of biopsies.

Surgical Pathology

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The study of disease by means of:body secretions (useful substances produced within the body), body excretions (waste substances rid from the body), & other body fluids.

Clinical Pathology

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Legal Pathology (forensic pathology) the study of disease, death, and injuries with medical/legal potential.

Medico

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2 methods to study Pathological Anatomy (Morbid Anatomy)

1.) Gross Inspection 2.) Histopathology

19

See changes of the structure of the body with the unaided eye.

Gross inspection

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A study of the structure of the cell as affected by disease, by means of microscope. Disease at cellular levels.

Histopathology

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The study of the functions of the body as affected by disease.

Physiological Pathology

22

A study of disease by samples of tissue removed surgically from a living person.

Biopsy

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useful substances produced within the body

body secretions

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waste products that are rid from the body

body excretions

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The study of deaths and injuries of medical and legal significance

Medico-Legal Pathology

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The study of the function of the human body as affected by disease.

Physiological Pathology

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Medico-Legal Pathology is also known as...

Forensic Pathology

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Importance of autopsy

1. Confirm medical diagnosis2. Amplify or reject the clinical diagnosis3. Advancement of medical knowledge 4. Medico-legal cases5. Medical statistics

29

Autopsy is also known as...

necropsy or postmortem exam

30

Differences between Coroner vs. Medical Examiner

1. Determination of jurisdiction (county where death occurred)2. Qualifications 3. Inquest