Flashcards in 3rd Quarter Merchandising Test 2 Deck (154):
Casket key inserted into opening in top body molding at the foot end.Threaded cover seals the opening.Most common
end lock casket
Similar to end lock.Top body molding on front side.Located where the head and foot caps meet.
Side lock casket
side lock casket is also called...
front lock casket
Small lever or handle pulled forward to open cap Pushed backward to close cap(s).Pulls cap(s) against the gasket.
Lever lock casket
Screw-type fastener.Seal created as fasteners are tightened.Pulls cap(s) against the gasket.ALSO IN A NON-GASKETED CASKET
threaded fastener casket
Pushed backward or pulled forward to open cap Spring-loaded or operated manually.Hold latch when closing.Prevents loud “click” sound.
latch closure casket
Types of gasketed caskets...
End lockSide lock (front lock)Lever lockThreaded fastener
Types of non-gasketed casket closures
latch closurethreaded fastenerchemical compound hermetically sealed
Epoxy, glue, etc.Secure cap(s) to the body.May create “protective/sealing” casket.Depending on materials and casket construction.
Completely sealed by fusion or soldering.Air and water-tight.
standard adult sized wood casket
75" x 22"
Casket size is based on ______________. The size may vary between ________________.
inside dimensions manufacturer
standard adult sized metal casket
78" x 23"
For an oversize or extra size casket the width increases by......
Each X equals _____ inches wider
XX means ______ inches wider
XXX means ______ inches wider
Length of an oversized casket increases by _______
Adjustments in length may/may not correspond with ______________
increases in casket width
an oversize casket may require_____________
an oversize outer burial container
You should measure ___________ of the casket, including _____ & ___________.
material of an infant and child caskets are __________
similar to or same as adult caskets, but dimensions vary.
size increase of infant/child casket is by ________
6 inch steps (increments) in length
infant/child cast widths are made ____________ to length
OBC stands for....
outer burial containers
any container designed for placement in the grave around the casket
outer burial containers
types of outer burial containers
burial vaultsgrave boxesgrave liners
Just because you order an oversized casket DOES NOT mean that ______________
the length will change from the normal length
Always _________ the infant/child before ordering the casket.
according to FTC-a generic name for any container which surrounds the casket in the grave...this includes vaults and grave liners
outer container which offers protection from the earth load. Possesses "sealing" or "protective" qualities.
Originally used to prevent grave robbery, now supports the earth load.Often required for cemetery maintenance purposes and inhibits (limits) the intrusion of outside elements.
materials used in vaults
types of concrete vaults
these concrete vaults include steel rods, wire mesh, or some other material.Strengthens the concrete
reinforced concrete vaults
Interior styles of caskets
Shirred Crushed Tufted Tailored Semi-tailored Specialty panels
Material is drawn or gathered in parallel strips and sewn with multiple needles.
Created by placing a lining material on a metal form, adding weights, steaming, and attaching to a suitable upholstery (backing) material.Gives appearance of shirred interior.Less expensive.
Created by placing padding material between lining and backing materials.Stitches are made.Forms small raised puffs.Typically most expensive styles of casket interior.
Fabric tightly stretched or drawn.Creates smooth appearance.
Combination of tailored interior with one or more other styles.
Custom designed and hand-crafted panels.Inserted and replace standard head panel.
Specialty head panel
Lining materialsBacking materialsPadding material
Line the portion of the casket.Typically designed to match interior components.
Types of lining materials
CrepeSatinVelvetLinenLinen weaveTwill weave
Thin crinkled cloth of silk, rayon, cotton, or wool. Typically in less expensive caskets.
Fabric woven to create a smooth lustrous face and dull back.
Fabric of silk, cotton, and possibly rayon with a nap.Typically most expensive style of casket interior.
Fabric made from flaxNoted for strength, coolness, and luster.
Fabric woven to look like linen.Less expensive than linen.
Textile weave in which threads are crossed over one another to give an appearance of diagonal lines.
Add support and weight to lining materials.
Types of backing materials
Corrugated fiberboardOften used as lining material in the foot panel of selected caskets.
Pressed paper in sheet form.
Synthetic or natural organic material shaped when soft and then hardened.Also available in sheets.
Add bulk and softness.
Types of padding materials
CottonPolyethylene foamShredded paperSpun polyester
Wood shredded into spaghetti-like stringsSometimes called wood wool.
Woods can be...
UnfinishedNatural finishPainted finishesLaminateCloth covered
Wood left in its natural stateLess expensiveCremation casket
StainedUnstainedBased on appearance, color, and purpose of the finished product.Burial casket vs. cremation casket
Types of wood finishes
Polished Semi-gloss Satin Flat
Smooth and glossyProduced by polishingCreates reflective or “mirror” finishBurnishedAlso known as gloss finish
Low lusterShiny or reflective finishLess pronounced than polished finish
Semi-luster or semi-gloss finishSmoothWith well-defined lines or striations“Brushed marks”Creates “textured” appearance
Dull lusterless surfaceNo shine or glossAlso known as matte finish
Use of various colors of paintApplied directly to the wood
Made by uniting superimposed layers of different materialFormicaVinylOn wood
Various types of materialVarious types of finishesLess expensive casketsCan be placed on wood
Twilled, napped, woolen, or worsted fabricSmooth lustrous face and dense textureCotton, silk, or rayonWoven in plain or rib weaveSoft semi-gloss finish
Heavy durable cotton fabricShort (1/8 inch or less) thick, velvety nap on one sideSuede-like appearanceAlso known as moleskin
Woven clothNap exceeding 1/8 inchAlso known as high pile
Types of cloth finish
No distinct pattern or raised surface
Raised design above the surface.
Bare metal scratched with an abrasive.Finished until a smooth high gloss is obtained.Creates “textured” appearance.
Base metal coated by another metal.Through electrolytic processIdentified by word “deposit”“Copper deposit”
Types of Sprayed Finishes
Polished finish Crinkled finish Hammertone finish Flat finish
This is also a finish in a wood casket
Metal coated with paint Wrinkles as it dries Less expensive caskets
Metal coated with paint “Indentations” appears as paint dries Creates small indentation Like striking with a ball peen hammer Less expensive casket
hammertone is also known as
Defined previously Same as wood casket finish
Material consisting of extremely fine filaments of glass embedded in various resins.
Compound similar in appearance to plasticHigh molecular weight creates an extremely durable substance
Types of Polymer or Fiberglass finishes
Woodgrained“Simulated wood”Polished or glossSprayed
Styles of cap openings
Perfection couch Single hinged panel Slip panel
Crown, pie(s), and rim formed as one piece
Perfection (half/full) couch
Cap in two piecesRim and foot panel hinged to top body moldingHead panel hinged to the rimSingle hinged capBoth caps opened for casketingHead panel opened for viewingLess viewing area than perfection half couch
Single hinged panel
Head cap completely removed for viewingRemains viewed from either sideSlip topPriest casket
Shell designs are classified by...
ends & cornersbody panel
Types of ends and corners
ends in shape of a half circle
eight angles or cornerseight sides or surfaces on body panel
corners meet at right angles to one another with distinct edge
corners rounded rather than square
types of body panels
flaring squarevertical sidestate casketurnside
sides and ends of body flare out from body to top.narrower and shorter at bottom then opening at the top.
body sides at 90 degree angle to the bottomcorner may be rounded
body panels at 90 degree angle to the bottomcorners from 90 degree anglevertical side square
body panel shaped like an urnmost expensive casket shell designmore labor in manufacturing
gasketed casket components
Gum rubber substance to top body molding flange.Transverse gasket in gasket channel on half-couch caskets.Creates air and water-tight seal
Specially designed to maintain “protective/sealing” qualitiesAttach cap(s) to body.
Sliding rod or metal bar.Hooks or cut portions engage eyes on the cap(s).Pulls rim flange against rubber gasket.
Vaults are lined and unlined...if lined it is done with___________________
PolystyreneABS materialMetalAsphalt coated
plastic like compound, developed in 1960 by Wilbert Vault STRENTEX
plastic like compound used in football helmets-developed in 1970's.
stronger and more durable than polystyrene
non-corrosive / non-rusting....most expensive concrete vaults, stainless steel, copper, bronze.
vault interior, not as effective as other lining materials, more protection than element alone
materials used for metal vaults
galvanized steelstainless steelcopper
other vault materials
polymerfiberglass same materials to manufacture caskets
carbon steel coated with zinc by immersion for increased resistance to rust or corrosion
measured by US Standard GaugeDome with a base constructionUses the diving bell principle to sealsupports weight of the earth
Stainless steel/copper vault
methods of vault closure
air sealtop sealdouble seal
utilizes air pressure created by placing the dome into the base. "Diving bell" principle Air pressure prevents entrance of water
type of air seal vault...
Clark grave vault
utilizes an epoxy compound in conjunction with a tongue-in-groove closure at the top of the vault
type of top seal vault
wilbert burial vault
utilizes the principle of the air seal in conjunction with an epoxy material at the junction of the dome and base
STANDARD inside dimensions of a burial vault
30" wide86" long
protection from earth load without sealing qualitiessupports weight of the earthoften minimum requirement by the cemeteryprevents grave from sinking from disintegration of casket and use of cemetery maintenance equipment.Is the purpose of......
types of material of grave liners
holes in bottomallows water to seep outprevents casket from bobbing up and down
concrete grave liner
temporary materialdisintegrates quicklyseldom used
wood grave liner
types of grave liners
grave liner that has body with a one or two piece lid (cover)
grave box is also known as...
grave liner that has six or eight slabs of unfinished concrete placed around the casket.
sectional grave liner
sectional grave liner also known as...
types of other containers
transfer containeralternative containercombination unit
outer enclosure used to protect the body and or casketed remains during transportation
types of transfer container
combination caseair trayziegler casewood box
particle board box with a cardboard tray and cover.Satisfies air shipping regulations. Body may not be embalmed but shipped in Ziegler Case.
LargerUsed to ship casketed remainsWooden tray with a cardboard covering for the casket
Gasket sealed metal containerUsed as a shipping container or inserted into casket shellFor decomposed body
ziegler case is also called...
for casked or non-casketed bodyrarely used
When shipping by air....
Air Transportation Association guidelines and Federal Aviation Administration regulations must be followed.Always check each airline
Unfinished wood box or other non-metal receptacle or enclosure.Without ornamentation or a fixed interior lining.Designed for encasement of human remains.
Alternative container materials used...
fiberboardpressed woodcomposition materialslike materialswith or without an outside coveringoften used as cremation containers
Unit or a series of units designed or intended to be used together as both a casket and permanent burial receptacle.Often seen with infant caskets
type of combination unit...
silky fibers around seeds of silk also used for padding