3rd Quarter Restorative Art Test 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 3rd Quarter Restorative Art Test 1 Deck (114):
1

the care of the deceased to recreate natural form and color

restorative art

2

refers to the shape of a surface structure which is recognized by its outline and surface movement

form

3

the basic form of the nose is shaped how?

pyramid shape

4

the basic form of an ear is shaped how?

wedged

5

Form involves the following dimensions...

Lengthwidthprojection

6

refers to those rays of light reflected from the surface

color

7

highlights and shadows affect

appearance of color

8

one thing to do to look at highlights and shadows is to look at it in....

black and white

9

unless at least _________ of the facial structures remain intact, no restoration is ordinarily attempted, because it may resemble a __________. This is called the ________ rule. (mayer)

two-thirdswax replica2/3

10

the ________ may be violated in some cases.

2/3 rule

11

not all restorative art involves________

wax

12

types of restorative art without wax

1. external cosmetics2. internally (restorative chemicals w/ ACTIVE dyes)

13

______________is good to be included with permission to embalm

permission to restore

14

when preparing a wound using wax it must _________

be firm & dry

15

wounds must be ________ because you will be placing a substance and the surrounding structure should not ______

firmmove

16

wounds should be ______because one component of wax is ________

drypetroleum (oil)

17

dismembered parts should ALWAYS be attached _________________.

after embalming

18

study of the structures and surface markings of the face and featuresa topography of the face

physiognomy

19

lack of symmetry or proportiondifferences in paired features

asymmetry

20

it is natural to be ________

asymetrical

21

the most common characteristic of each part of a feature (or face)

norm

22

one eye width is the same as_______

width of the nose

23

anthropological classification (pg. 12)

EuropeanAsiaticAfrican

24

See pages 589-605 MUST READ Embalming: history, theory, & practice

read it!

25

first people to practice any type of RA

egyptians

26

practice of reading facesPlato & Aristotle all wrote about the subject of facial meanings

Chinese & mediterranean

27

practice of reading faces originated in______

China

28

This era took low priority; little effort to restore

middle ages to early 19th century

29

restoration began at the end of ___________

the Civil War (civil war era)

30

done on their own initiativeno textbooksno instruction, cosmetics or instrumentstrial & error

Those that are considered pioneers in RA

31

early attempts and problems with RA

Plastic surgery (skin transplant)Plaster of paris Clay & puttySoapWaxes

32

problems with skin transplant

skin dehydrated discoloration

33

problems with plaster of paris

draws moisture from surrounding tissues

34

problems with clay & putty

too dark & oilydifficult to hide w/cosmetics

35

finally manufactures produced a practical substance to perform RA.influence of mortuary science schools in 1920's

Waxes

36

body erect with arms at the sides and palms forward

anatomical position

37

front (before)

anterior

38

toward back

posterior

39

top

superior

40

beneath (lower)

inferior

41

toward midline

medial line

42

toward sides (away from median line)

lateral

43

body planes are located on page

14

44

horizontal plane also called

transverse plane

45

frontal plane also called

coronal plane

46

median (medial) plane also calleddivides into right and left

sagittal plane

47

state of being deep

depth

48

know terminology of.....

deepsuperficialmiddle of the body

49

hollow or shallow area

depression

50

area that sticks outState or condition of being thrust forward or projecting

protrusion

51

hollow depressed area

concave

52

outer segment of a circle

convex

53

line which is neither horizontal or verticalSlope; deviation from the horizontal or vertical; oblique

inclination

54

relating to, or having two sides

bilateral

55

dissimilarities noted when looking at two sides

bilateral differences

56

bilateral view of a person's silhouette

bilateral silhouette

57

a view of a person from the front

frontal aspect

58

a view of a person from the side

profile

59

a view of a person that is slightly turned

3 quarter view

60

additional terminology needed

frontal (anterior view)margins (boundaries or edges)oblique (slanting; neither horizontal nor perpendicular)pyramidrecession (recessed; withdraw from normal position)sunken (commonly the eyes)vertex (crown or topmost part)

61

requires a long period of time, is extensive, or requires technical skill

major restoration

62

types of major restorations

full head of hairdeep wound preparation and care of deep lacerationsrepair or reconstruction of multiple fracturesbuck-teeth (dental prognathism)3rd degree burns

63

The funeral home can charge the family for RA if_____________

it is on the general price list/contract

64

Charging the family for RA is ____________.

up to the funeral home...not required

65

When discussing RA with a family be aware of___________

promises/time lines

66

Always make sure that the family has __________

clarity

67

requires a minimum of effort, skill or time to complete

minor restoration

68

types of minor restorations

tissue building (filler)waxing (lips, razor burn, sutures, etc.)bleaching/concealing discolorationsremoval of fever blistersminor hair replacement (parts of eyebrow, eyelash, etc.)reducing swelling (non-surgical)

69

distinguishing characteristics not to be altered or concealed normally....

moleswartsscarsbirthmarks

70

note....

READ AND STUDY TERMS IN CHAPTERS 1 & 2

71

Bones of the head are divided into....

bones of the craniumbones of the face

72

geometric form of the "normal skull"

oval

73

the geometric from of the skull is determined from what views?

frontal &above

74

form varies from______________

person to person

75

why does form vary?

because of differences in width & length

76

note....

see page 12 for skull comparison of male, female, and infant

77

it is important to note the differences in

bone thicknesssize of bonesprominence of eminence

78

note...

look up info on ......prominence of eminence

79

note...

look into....infant skull development

80

effects of tooth loss and

aging

81

bones of the external cranium

frontal (1)occipital (1)parietal (2)temporal (2)

82

which bones are paired bones of the cranium

parietaltemporal

83

anterior third of the cranium

frontal bone

84

surfaces of the frontal bone

1. vertical surface (forehead)2. horizontal surface (crown)

85

eminences of the frontal bone

1. frontal eminence (2)2. supraorbital margin (2)3. superciliary arch (2) "eyebrow"4. glabella

86

note...

look up eminence and projection in glossary

87

Rounded prominences on either side of the median line of the frontal bone. May be indistinct at times (unrecognizable) or continuous.

frontal eminence

88

superior rim of the eye sockets (2)

supraorbital margin

89

the supraorbital margin lies _________ regarding the superciliary arch.

inferior

90

on some individuals the supraorbital margin will be _________

prominent ex: Tommy Lee Jones

91

lies in the inferior part of the forehead just superior the medial ends of the eyebrows (the thicker part of an arched eyebrow)

superciliary arch

92

superciliary arch is normally more prominent in people with ___________

receding foreheads

93

Located between the superciliary arch. Located in the inferior part of the frontal bone. Considered to be at the root of the nose. (where a uni-brow grows)

glabella

94

when the glabella is very prominent it will make the root of the nose look very _______________

deep

95

the lowest part of the back and the base of the cranium. Forms a cradle for the brain.

occipital bone

96

distinctive features of the occipital bone

occipital protuberanceforamen magnum

97

located at the center of the external surface of the occipital bone

occipital protuberance

98

opening in the occipital bone, the spinal cord passes thru it

foramen magnum

99

note....

pages 128-129 discusses decapitation

100

superior portion of the sides and the posterior 2/3 of the cranium

parietal bones

101

parietal eminences

convexity of the parietal bone

102

a measurement of one parietal eminence to another gives you the ______________________.

widest part of the cranium

103

where are the parietal eminences located?

above posterior border of the ears.

104

inferior portion of the sides and the base of the cranium

temporal bone

105

concave surface of the head overlying the temporal bone.

temporal cavity

106

vertical portion of the temporal bone and is fairly thin (almost translucent) Scale like

squama

107

characteristics of the squama

thinalmost translucentscale like

108

there are _______ anatomical structures of the temporal bone. Used for locating the modeled ear.

4

109

What are the anatomical structures of the temporal bones used to locate the modeled ear?

1. external auditory meatus2. zygomatic arch3. mandibular fossa4. mastoid process

110

ear passagesee glossary

external auditory meatus

111

extension of the zygomatic bonedivides the length of the ear in halfsee glossary

zygomatic arch

112

measurement of one zygomatic arch to the other gives you the.....

widest part of the face

113

where the condyle of the mandible articulatesis anterior to the external auditor meatus

mandibular fossa

114

rounded portion most inferior portion of the temporal boneis posterior to the lobe of the ear (fatty inferior one third portion of the ear)sternoclydomastoid muscle attaches here

mastoid process