Flashcards in 3rd Quarter Restorative Art Test 1 Deck (114):
the care of the deceased to recreate natural form and color
refers to the shape of a surface structure which is recognized by its outline and surface movement
the basic form of the nose is shaped how?
the basic form of an ear is shaped how?
Form involves the following dimensions...
refers to those rays of light reflected from the surface
highlights and shadows affect
appearance of color
one thing to do to look at highlights and shadows is to look at it in....
black and white
unless at least _________ of the facial structures remain intact, no restoration is ordinarily attempted, because it may resemble a __________. This is called the ________ rule. (mayer)
the ________ may be violated in some cases.
not all restorative art involves________
types of restorative art without wax
1. external cosmetics2. internally (restorative chemicals w/ ACTIVE dyes)
______________is good to be included with permission to embalm
permission to restore
when preparing a wound using wax it must _________
be firm & dry
wounds must be ________ because you will be placing a substance and the surrounding structure should not ______
wounds should be ______because one component of wax is ________
dismembered parts should ALWAYS be attached _________________.
study of the structures and surface markings of the face and featuresa topography of the face
lack of symmetry or proportiondifferences in paired features
it is natural to be ________
the most common characteristic of each part of a feature (or face)
one eye width is the same as_______
width of the nose
anthropological classification (pg. 12)
See pages 589-605 MUST READ Embalming: history, theory, & practice
first people to practice any type of RA
practice of reading facesPlato & Aristotle all wrote about the subject of facial meanings
Chinese & mediterranean
practice of reading faces originated in______
This era took low priority; little effort to restore
middle ages to early 19th century
restoration began at the end of ___________
the Civil War (civil war era)
done on their own initiativeno textbooksno instruction, cosmetics or instrumentstrial & error
Those that are considered pioneers in RA
early attempts and problems with RA
Plastic surgery (skin transplant)Plaster of paris Clay & puttySoapWaxes
problems with skin transplant
skin dehydrated discoloration
problems with plaster of paris
draws moisture from surrounding tissues
problems with clay & putty
too dark & oilydifficult to hide w/cosmetics
finally manufactures produced a practical substance to perform RA.influence of mortuary science schools in 1920's
body erect with arms at the sides and palms forward
toward sides (away from median line)
body planes are located on page
horizontal plane also called
frontal plane also called
median (medial) plane also calleddivides into right and left
state of being deep
know terminology of.....
deepsuperficialmiddle of the body
hollow or shallow area
area that sticks outState or condition of being thrust forward or projecting
hollow depressed area
outer segment of a circle
line which is neither horizontal or verticalSlope; deviation from the horizontal or vertical; oblique
relating to, or having two sides
dissimilarities noted when looking at two sides
bilateral view of a person's silhouette
a view of a person from the front
a view of a person from the side
a view of a person that is slightly turned
3 quarter view
additional terminology needed
frontal (anterior view)margins (boundaries or edges)oblique (slanting; neither horizontal nor perpendicular)pyramidrecession (recessed; withdraw from normal position)sunken (commonly the eyes)vertex (crown or topmost part)
requires a long period of time, is extensive, or requires technical skill
types of major restorations
full head of hairdeep wound preparation and care of deep lacerationsrepair or reconstruction of multiple fracturesbuck-teeth (dental prognathism)3rd degree burns
The funeral home can charge the family for RA if_____________
it is on the general price list/contract
Charging the family for RA is ____________.
up to the funeral home...not required
When discussing RA with a family be aware of___________
Always make sure that the family has __________
requires a minimum of effort, skill or time to complete
types of minor restorations
tissue building (filler)waxing (lips, razor burn, sutures, etc.)bleaching/concealing discolorationsremoval of fever blistersminor hair replacement (parts of eyebrow, eyelash, etc.)reducing swelling (non-surgical)
distinguishing characteristics not to be altered or concealed normally....
READ AND STUDY TERMS IN CHAPTERS 1 & 2
Bones of the head are divided into....
bones of the craniumbones of the face
geometric form of the "normal skull"
the geometric from of the skull is determined from what views?
form varies from______________
person to person
why does form vary?
because of differences in width & length
see page 12 for skull comparison of male, female, and infant
it is important to note the differences in
bone thicknesssize of bonesprominence of eminence
look up info on ......prominence of eminence
look into....infant skull development
effects of tooth loss and
bones of the external cranium
frontal (1)occipital (1)parietal (2)temporal (2)
which bones are paired bones of the cranium
anterior third of the cranium
surfaces of the frontal bone
1. vertical surface (forehead)2. horizontal surface (crown)
eminences of the frontal bone
1. frontal eminence (2)2. supraorbital margin (2)3. superciliary arch (2) "eyebrow"4. glabella
look up eminence and projection in glossary
Rounded prominences on either side of the median line of the frontal bone. May be indistinct at times (unrecognizable) or continuous.
superior rim of the eye sockets (2)
the supraorbital margin lies _________ regarding the superciliary arch.
on some individuals the supraorbital margin will be _________
prominent ex: Tommy Lee Jones
lies in the inferior part of the forehead just superior the medial ends of the eyebrows (the thicker part of an arched eyebrow)
superciliary arch is normally more prominent in people with ___________
Located between the superciliary arch. Located in the inferior part of the frontal bone. Considered to be at the root of the nose. (where a uni-brow grows)
when the glabella is very prominent it will make the root of the nose look very _______________
the lowest part of the back and the base of the cranium. Forms a cradle for the brain.
distinctive features of the occipital bone
occipital protuberanceforamen magnum
located at the center of the external surface of the occipital bone
opening in the occipital bone, the spinal cord passes thru it
pages 128-129 discusses decapitation
superior portion of the sides and the posterior 2/3 of the cranium
convexity of the parietal bone
a measurement of one parietal eminence to another gives you the ______________________.
widest part of the cranium
where are the parietal eminences located?
above posterior border of the ears.
inferior portion of the sides and the base of the cranium
concave surface of the head overlying the temporal bone.
vertical portion of the temporal bone and is fairly thin (almost translucent) Scale like
characteristics of the squama
thinalmost translucentscale like
there are _______ anatomical structures of the temporal bone. Used for locating the modeled ear.
What are the anatomical structures of the temporal bones used to locate the modeled ear?
1. external auditory meatus2. zygomatic arch3. mandibular fossa4. mastoid process
ear passagesee glossary
external auditory meatus
extension of the zygomatic bonedivides the length of the ear in halfsee glossary
measurement of one zygomatic arch to the other gives you the.....
widest part of the face
where the condyle of the mandible articulatesis anterior to the external auditor meatus