3rd Quarter Restorative Art Test 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 3rd Quarter Restorative Art Test 2 Deck (166):
1

external facial bones

1. nasal bones (2)
2. zygomatic bones (2)
3. maxilla (2)
4. mandible

2

Forms a dome over the superior portion of the nasal cavity.Located directly inferior to the glabella

nasal bones

3

see glossary for definition

angle of inclination

4

orifice bonded by the margins of the nasal bones and the maxilla

nasal cavity

5

diamond shaped bone of the cheek

zygomatic bone

6

might see zygomatic bone or zygomatic arch as being measured to get the....

widest part of the face

7

just underneath the zygomatic arch you will find the...

zygomatic depression

8

lies lateral to the portion of the cheek inferior to the zygomatic arch

zygomatic depression

9

made up by the frontal bone and the zygomatic bone

zygomatico frontal process

10

two fused bones that form skeletal base of most of the superior face, roof of the mouth, sides of the nasal cavity, and the floor of the orbit (eye socket)

maxilla

11

maxilla is also called the...

upper jaw bone

12

sharp boney projection located medially along the inferior margin of the nasal cavity

nasal spine

13

a slip of skin partition that covers the nasal spine and separates the medial portion of the nostrils.most inferior part of the nose

columna nasi

14

processes of the maxillan

Alveolar process
Frontal process of the maxilla
Palatine Process
Dental Prognathism (buck teeth)

15

bony ridge that contains the tooth sockets

alveolar process

16

ascending part of the upper jaw

frontal process of the maxilla

17

horse shoe shaped single bone of the mouthlower jaw

mandible

18

2 main parts of the mandible

Body Ramus

19

horizontal portion of the mandible

body

20

corresponding vertical portion of the mandible

ramus

21

parts of the body of the mandible

mental eminence
incisive fossa
alveolar processes

22

parts of the ramus of the mandible

condyle
coronoid process
mandibular notch

23

Prominent eminence of the mandibleTriangular projection on the inferior portion of the anterior mandible

mental eminence

24

area between the mental eminence and the inferior incisor teeth

incisive fossa

25

the four teeth located anteriorly from the midline on each jaw; used for cutting

incisive teeth

26

rounded eminence at the articulating end of the bone

condyle

27

non articulating end of the bonethis is where the temporal muscle attaches

coronoid process

28

the depression located between the condyle and the coronoid process

mandibular notch

29

marks the widest part of the lower 1/3 of the face

angle of the mandible

30

a bony angle formed by the junction of the posterior edge of the ramus of the mandible and the inferior surface of the body of the mandible

angle of the mandible

31

widest part of the lower face

bi-mandibular

32

widest part of the head (cranium)

bi-parietal

33

widest part of the face

bi-zygomatic

34

Check textbook

page 23

35

other bones that are not surface bones....they are of less interest to (Alteri)

(cranium)
ethmoid bones
phenoid bone

(facial)
vomer bone
palantine bones
lacrimal bones

36

see pages 20 & 23 for

other bones that are not surface bones

37

muscle provides...

muscle bulk
contour effect
topographical surface form

38

continual muscle contraction leaves...

markings (wrinkles) on the face

39

wrinkles run ___________ to muscle fiber

transverse

40

wrinkles are more pronounced on ______

males

41

loss of muscle tone will cause__________

sagging of tissues

42

what bones make up margins of nasal cavity

nasal bone
maxilla

43

area between mental eminence and area between incisor teeth

incisive fossa

44

What muscle attaches to the coronoid process?

temporal muscle

45

this can play a part in moving muscle tissue inferiorly verses posteriorly

gravitational pull

46

environment
heredity
can all play a part in...

loss of muscle tone

47

the point of muscle attachment which moves the least
The beginning of muscle contraction

origin

48

the point of muscle attachment which moves the most (greatest) amount.

insertion

49

know the following for each facial muscle...

location
function
effect on surface form

50

muscles of the cranium

Occipitofrontalis Muscle (1)
masseter muscle
temporalis muscle

51

Muscle that draws the scalp posteriorly and inferiorly and raises the eyebrows. Thin sheeth located between the occipital and frontal bones.

Occipitofrontalis Muscle

52

Occipitofrontalis Muscle is also known as...

epicranius

53

parts of Occipitofrontalis Muscle

occipitalis
frontalis

54

the frontalis is also called...

the frontal belly

55

the occipitalis is also called...

the occipital belly

56

The effects of the Occipitofrontalis Muscle on Surface Form

1. When contracted it raises eyebrows
2. Continual contraction forms Transverse Frontal Sulci

57

wrinkles (lines) that run across the front of the forehead

transverse frontal sulci

58

Transverse frontal sulci is what type of facial marking?

Acquired

59

Name the types of Muscles of Mastication

1. Temporalis (2)
2. Masseter (2)

60

broad fan shaped muscle located along the temporal bone.
fairly thin

temporalis muscle

61

the purpose of the temporalis muscle...

closes mandible
mastication
some side-to-side movement

62

what is the strongest chewing muscle (muscle of mastication)?

temporalis muscle

63

temporalis muscle effect on surface form...

provides SOME bulk to the temporal cavity

64

the temporalis muscle overlies what muscle?

squamous muscle

65

masseter muscle effect on surface form

provides bulk to the side of the cheek

66

function of masseter muscle is...

mastication
closes the mandible

67

this muscle is not the strongest of the chewing muscles

masseter muscle

68

Located in bucal area (cheek area)

Begins below the Zygomatic Arch and extends to the angle of the mandible. (along side of the face)

masseter muscle

69

muscles of facial expression

1. Muscles of the eye
2. Muscles of the nose
3. Muscles of the mouth

70

muscles of the EYE that control facial expression

1. Orbicularis Oculi
2. Corrugator
3. Levator Palpebrae Superioris

71

TRUE sphincter muscle that surrounds the eye socket...closes the eyelids and compresses the lacrimal sac

orbicularis oculi

72

functions of the orbicularis oculi

1. closes the eyelid when contracted
2. compresses the lacrimal sac

73

if the lacrimal sac is compressed it produces...

tears

74

the size, area, and function allows the orbicularis oculi effect on surface form to be...

optic facial sulci (crows feet...obligue wrinkles)

75

optic facial sulci is also known as...

crows feet

76

crows feet is also known as ...

oblique muscles

77

crows feet is what type of wrinkle?

acquired

78

corrugator is also known as...

frowning muscle

79

The corrugator muscle is what shape?

pyramid

80

the function of the corrugator muscle.

draw the eyebrow downward & medially when contracted

81

located toward the medial end of the eyebrow
runs from root of the nose to upper rim of eye socket (oblique)

corrugator muscle

82

corrugator muscle effect on surface form

vertical interciliary sulci

83

a ferlow located between the eyebrows (wrinkles)

vertical interciliary sulci

84

function of the levator palpebrae superioris

lifts (raises or elevates) the upper eyelid

85

eyelid is called

palpebrae

86

upper eyelid is called

palpebrae superioris

87

levator means...

lift or raise

88

the levator palpebrae superioris effect on surface form...

palpebral fold (occurs with age)

89

located along inferior margin of the upper eyelid

superior tarsus

90

located along the superior margin of the lower eyelid
does not have as much vertical dimension as its superior counterpart

inferior tarsus

91

the degree from vertical at which the surface(s) of a prominent feature projects.

angle of projection

92

slope; deviation from the horizontal or vertical; oblique

inclination

93

buck teeth

Dental Prognathism

94

a bony ridge found on the inferior surface of the Maxilla and the superior surface of the Mandible which contains the sockets for the teeth.

alveolar process

95

the ascending part of the upper jaw which gradually protrudes as it rises beside the nasal bone to meet the frontal bone; the ascending process of the upper jaw.

frontal process of the maxilla

96

muscle of facial expression which depresses the angle (corner) of the mouth

TRIANGULARIS

97

TRIANGULARIS is also known as

Depressor Angulus Oris

98

The triangularis effect on surface form

forms the Angulus Oris Eminence

99

muscles of the mouth & anterior cheek

1. Quadratus Labii Superioris
2. Levator Anguli Oris
3. Risorius
4. Depressor Labii Inferioris
5. Mentalis

100

Three muscles that make up the Quadratus Labii Superioris

1. Levator Labii Superioris Alaeque Nasi
2. Levator Labii Superioris
3. Zygomaticus Minor

101

multi headed muscle (3 heads plus muscle itself)...large and extends from the cheek bone in lower rim of eye socket and serves to raise the upper lip

Quadratus Labii Superioris

102

elevates or raises the upper lip and dilates the nostrils

Levator Labii Superioris Alaeque Nasi

103

helps to elevate and extend the upper lip

Levator Labii Superioris

104

Draws the superior lip superiorly and anteriorly...however, text and other sources suggest

"superiorly and laterally"

******DEFINITION IS QUOTATIONS IS WHAT ALTERI WANTS US TO KNOW.

Zygomaticus Minor

105

function of the Quadratus Labii Superioris

serves to raise the upper lip...
"sneer"<----Elvis face

106

furrow lying medial and adjacent to the nasolabial fold; ACQUIRED

nasolabial sulcus

107

Quadratus Labii Superioris effect on surface form

nasolabial sulcus

108

acquired and can accompany the nasolabial fold

nasolabial sulcus

109

located beneath the Quadratus Labii Superioris muscle and in the region of the canine teeth.

Levator Anguli Oris

110

function of the Levator Anguli Oris

to elevate the angle of the mouth

111

the Levator Anguli Oris effect on surface form

nasolabial fold

112

nasolabial fold is what type of process

natural

113

false smile muscle

Risorius

114

function of the risorius

retracts the angle of the mouth

115

textbook says it draws angle of mouth posteriorly, but Alteri says..."narrow superficial band of muscle which pulls the angle of the mouth outward or laterally."

Risorius

116

The depressor labii inferioris muscle is also known as

quadratus muscle

117

Risorius muscle has no noticeable effect on...

surface form

118

Function of the depressor labii inferioris

depresses the lower lip...moves it inferiorly and SLIGHTLY laterally

119

a single muscle located on the chin...elevates and protrudes the inferior (lower) lip

mentalis muscle

120

helps to temporarily wrinkle the skin over the chin area

mentalis muscle

121

the mentalis muscle effect on surface form

provides anterior (bulk) projection of the chin

122

anterior projection of the chin

mental eminence

123

and elongated dimple chin is called...

cleft chin

124

elongated dimple

cleft

125

if the cleft on chin runs under the chin...giving appearance of two lobes...

bilobated chin

126

a depression in the chin is called..

chin dimple

127

muscles of the neck

1. Platysma
2. Sternocleidomastoid
3. Digastricus

128

location and points of attachment

platysma

129

fills up the space in the neck...depresses mandible & lower lip

platysma

130

The platysma effect on surface form

1. Bucco-facial Sulcus
2. Mandibular Sulcus
3. Serrated Jawline
4. Platysmal Sulci

131

get definition of all of the surface form platysma

effects

132

helps to rotate head, depress, & lower the head.

sternocleidomastoid muscle

133

the measurement from one BELLY OF THE sternocleidomastoid to another gives the...

widest part of the neck

134

double bellied muscle which draws the hyoid bone superiorly

Digastricus

135

the hyoid bone does not...

articulate with another bone (free floating bone)

136

function of the digastricus is to

help manipulate the tongue

137

the effect on surface form of the Digastricus

cords of the neck

138

processes on the temporal and zygomatic bones; determines the widest part of the face

zygomatic arch

139

one of the lesser concavities of the face located on the lateral portion of the cheek inferior to the zygomatic arch

zygomatic arch depression

140

muscle responsible for raising the upper eyelid

levator palpebrae superioris

141

muscle responsible for creating the philtrum...this is its effect on surface form

orbicularis oris

142

principle muscle of the cheek which compresses the cheeks and forms the lateral wall of the mouth

buccinator

143

muscle draws the scalp posteriorly and raises the eyebrows when contracted

occipitofrontalis

144

furrows radiating from the lateral corner of the eye

optic facial sulci

145

SMALL convex prominence found lateral to the end of the line of closure of the mouth

angulus oris eminence

146

what type of marking is the angulus oris eminence

natural

147

muscles of the nose

procerus muscle

148

narrow elongated muscle, this muscle covers the bridge of the nose, located on the nasal bones up to the forehead

procerus muscle

149

its function is to draw skin downward (inferiorly)

procerus muscle

150

procerus muscle effect on surface form

transverse interciliary sulci

151

muscles of the mouth

1. orbicularis oris
2. zygomaticus major
3. buccinator
4. triangularis

152

the mouth is known as...

the center of expression

153

this muscle is known at the Puckering Muscle

orbicularis oris

154

flat band of muscles in the upper and lower red lips and integumentary lips

orbicularis oris

155

function of the orbicularis oris

closes and puckers the lips
compresses lips against teeth
shapes lips during speech

156

a NATURAL facial marking...the vertical groove located medially on the superior lip

philtrum

157

muscles converging at the mouth corners

zygomaticus major

158

zygomaticus major is also known as...

laughing muscle

159

extends from the cheekbone to angle of the mouth

zygomaticus major

160

function is the corner of mouth is raised when this muscle contracts...draws the upper lip posteriorly , superiorly, and laterally as in smiling or laughing

zygomaticus major

161

zygomaticus major effect on surface form

angulus oris eminence

162

effects of buccinator on surface form

multiple effects...
helps form angulus oris eminence
bucco-facial sulcus
forms lateral wall of cheek

163

vertical furrow of the cheek...ACQUIRED FACIAL MARKING

BUCCO=FACIAL SULCUS

164

where the condyle of the mandible articulates
is anterior to the external auditor meatus

mandibular fossa

165

there are _______ anatomical structures of the temporal bone. Used for locating the modeled ear.

4

166

What are the anatomical structures of the temporal bones used to locate the modeled ear?

1. external auditory meatus
2. zygomatic arch
3. mandibular fossa
4. mastoid process