Flashcards in 3rd Quarter Pathology Test 4 Deck (122):
an abnormal new growth
Enclosed sac-like pouches that have a definite wall.Usually containing a liquid, solid, or semi-solid material
Types of cysts
abnormal sac-like pouch present on the ovary.
type of duarian cyst
duarian cyst also called...
a rare ovarian (duarian) cyst that contains a waxy tissue and other structures not normally foundex: teeth or hair follicles
an abnormal sac-like structure located on a oil gland
oil glands are also called
An increase in size of a body part or organ by an increase in size of the cells already present.Excessive growth
sebaccous cysts are also called...
an abnormal sac-like structure
types of hypertrophy
increase in size of a body part or organ due to increased functional demand
Breast tissue due to lactation. The increase in size of the female uterus in preparation of pregnancy.
an increase in size of a body part or organ due to disease
Wilm's tumor and brain tumor is an example of what?
a rare tumor of the kidney in children
increase in size of a body part or organ to compensate or make up for the loss of a similar or paired organ
increase in size of a body part or organ by an increase in the total number of cells making it up.
What type of change is hyperplasia?
Progressive tissue change
oat cell carcinoma is an example of
classifications of neoplasms
state of disease
types of states of disease (clinical)
A suffix of "oma" generally means that it is a _____________ tumorNOT ALWAYS
ALL malignant tumors left untreated will _______________
generally a suffix of sarcoma or carcinoma
malignant tumor of epithelial tissue occurring in persons 45-60
breast cancer or lung cancer are examples of what type of tumor
bone cancer is an example of what type of tumor
malignant tumor or connective tissue in persons under 30
generally, a benign tumor will NOT...
tissue of origin; what tissue it originated first.
Shown by its prefix or the stem of the word
characteristics of benign neoplasms
a. Grow by expansion.
b. Don’t metastasize - don’t spread.
c. Don’t recur after surgery - removal or treatment.
d. Don’t cause great tissue damage.
e. Resemble original tissue of origin.
characteristics of malignant neoplasms
a. Grow by the called infiltration
b. Metastasize (spread)
c. Can reoccur after surgery.
d. Cause extensive tissue damage.
e. No resemblance to original tissue of origin.
take over existing tissue
process by which a malignancy spreads itself to other parts of the body. Usually by means of the lymph or blood stream
Types of BENIGN neoplasms
1. Epithelial tissue
2. Muscle tissue
3. Connective tissue
4. Nervous tissue
lining tissue...also the inner most tissue
Types of BENIGN EPITHELIAL TISSUE...
glandular- a benign tumor of glandular epithelial
a benign tumor of epithelial that appears as a pedestal "stalk-like" growth.
papilloma is also known as...
most frequently in the nasal cavity or intestinal track
a benign pigmented tumor. a shade of brown or black. localized and well defined
nevus is also called...
Types of BENIGN MUSCLE TISSUE
a benign tumor of tissue used for movement.
benign muscle tissue is also called...
a benign tumor of skeletal muscle tissue
a benign tumor of sooth muscle tissue
Types of BENIGN CONNECTIVE TISSUE
benign tumor of bone
benign tumor of cartilage.
cartilage is a form of.....
a benign tumor of fatty connective tissue
a benign tumor of vascular tissue
types of Angiomas
a benign tumor of blood vascular tissue
example of hemangioma....usually a shade of red.
a benign tumor of lymph vascular tissue....usually a shade of white or yellow.
a benign tumor of fibrous connective tissue
benign tumor that originates in the movement of neurons
benign nervous tissue is also called...
Types of MALIGNANT neoplasms
1. Epithelial tissue
2. Connective tissue
3. Muscle tissue
4. Nervous tissue
indicate a malignant tumor that originates in any type of epithelial tissue
types of carcinoma
4. Transitional cell carcinoma
5. Bascel cell carcinoma
a malignant pigmented tumor.
(makes up skin tissue). A malignant tumor of squamous cell epithelia
most common name given for squamous cell is .....
Squamous cell is the most ________ reported form of _________________ in adults
gland - a malignant tumor of glandular epithelia.
most famous form of Adenocarcinoma...
a malignant tumor of transitional cell epithelia
transitional cell carcinoma
common form of transitional cell carcinoma
a malignant tumor of bascel cell epithelia tissue.
bascel cell carcinoma
_______________ is the most lethal site of bascel cell carcinoma malignancy in ADULTS (MALE & FEMALE)
______________is the most lethal site of bascel cell carcinoma malignancy in CHILDREN
Type of MALIGNANT connective tissue
Types of Sarcoma
malignant tumor of bone
example of osteosarcoma
malignant tumor of cartilage
What is a benign tumor of connective tissue?
malignant tumor of fatty connective tissue
What do you call a tumor that infiltrates fatty connective tissue?
malignant tumor of fibrous connective tissue
malignant tumor of vascular tissue- blood or lymph
types of angiosarcoma
malignant tumor of blood vascular tissue
malignant tumor of lymph vascular tissue
malignant tumor of lymphoid tissue
Three tumors that end in "oma", which indicates a malignant tumor
example of Lymphoma
an enlarged cervical lymphoid usually on the left side of the neck in young adult males
still has a malignant tumor, but it does not present itself in young males...malignant tumor in the spleen
The largest mass of lymphoid tissue in body is the_________
the largest and most active lymphoid tissue during INFANCY is the ____________
Sarcoma is also used for malignant tumor of ______________ as well as ____________.
Malignant muscle tissue also known as
Types of MALIGNANT muscle tissue
malignant tumor of skeletal muscle tissue
malignant tumor of visceral (smooth) muscle tissue
example of Leiomyosarcoma
malignant tumor of the nervous tissue
most common example of glioma is...
type of cancer that DOES NOT end in sarcoma
in adults, the leading cause of death resulting from cancer, regardless of sex is________
most frequently reported malignant cancer...
skin cancer (squamous cell cancer)
You can live longer with________
Post-mortem conditions of malignant tumors
4. Tissue deformation
5. Extravascular obstruction
Wasting away, loss of tissue. It is most noticeable in the temporal bone region.
emaciation also known as
indicates liver dysfunction---a shade of green or yellow
wide spread pinpoint hemorrhages...petite or smallest of the hemorrhages.
Seen in long term chemotherapeutic patients
types of discoloration
loss of blood
common with brain tumors
tissue is deformed or eaten away
in the blood vascular system
example of extravascular obstruction