4.04 - Articulation Muscles & Innervations Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 4.04 - Articulation Muscles & Innervations Deck (90):
1

The Superior Longitudinal Lingual muscles ___ and ____ the tongue tip.

Raises

Deviates

2

The Inferior Longitudinal Lingual muscles ___ and ____ the tongue tip.

Lowers

Deviates

3

The Transverse Lingual Muscles _____ the tongue.

Narrows

4

The Vertical Lingual Muscles _____ the tongue.

Depresses

5

Contracting the Superior & Inferior Longitudinal Lingual Muscles ______ the tongue.

Retracts

6

Anterior contraction of the Genioglossus _____ the tongue.

Retracts

7

Posterior contraction of the Genioglossus _____ the tongue.

Protrudes

8

The Hyoglossus _____ the tongue.

Lowers the sides of

9

The Styoglossus _____ the tongue and ______.

Elevates the back of

Pulls the tongue back

10

Fixing the Palatal portion of the Palatoglossus _____ the tongue.

Raises

11

Fixing the Lingual portion of the Palatoglossus _____ the tongue.

Lowers

12

What muscle(s) raise the tongue tip?

Superior Longitudinal

13

What muscle(s) lower the tongue tip?

Inferior Longitudinal

14

What muscle(s) narrow the tongue?

Transverse

15

What muscle(s) depress the tongue?

(2)

Vertical

Palatoglossus (fixed at tongue)

16

What muscle(s) deviate the tongue tip?

(2)

Superior Longitudinal

Inferior Longitudinal

17

What muscle(s) retract the tongue?

(2)

Superior & Inferior Longitudinal (together)

Genoglossus (Anterior contraction)

18

What muscle(s) protrude the tongue?

Genioglossus (Posterior contraction)

19

What muscle(s) lowers the sides of the tongue?

Hyoglossus

20

What muscle(s) elevate the back of the tongue?

Styloglossus

21

What muscle(s) pull the tongue back?

Styloglossus

22

What muscle(s) raise the tongue?

Palatoglossus (fixed at palate)

23

What muscle(s) lower the tongue?

Palatoglossus (fixed at tongue)

24

The Obicularis Oris _____ the _____.

Constricts

Lips

25

The Incisivus Labii(s) _____ the _____.

Everts

Lips

26

The Buccaniators _____ from the _____.

Pull away

Midline

27

The Risorius _____ from the _____.

Pull away

Midline

28

The Zygomatic Major _____ and ____ the _____.

Elevates

Retracts

Angle of the mouth

29

The Zygomatic Minor _____ the _____.

Elevates

Upper lip

30

The Levator Labii Superior _____ the _____ away from the ______.

Elevates

Upper lip

Midline

31

The Depressor Labii Inferior _____ the lips _____ & _____.

Pulls

Down

Out

32

The Levator Labii Superior Alaque Nasi _____ the _____. It also __________.

Elevates

Upper lip

Dilates nostrils

33

The Mentalis ____ the _____.

Bunches

Chin

34

The Levator Anguli Oris ____ the _____.

Lifts

Lips

35

The Depressor Anguli Oris ____ the _____. It also ______ the ______.

Depresses

Corners of the mouth

Presses

Upper lips against the lower ones

36

What muscle(s) constrict the lips?

Obicularis Oris

37

What muscle(s) evert the lips?

(2)

Incisivus Labii Superioris

Levator Labii Superioris Alaque Nasi

38

What muscle(s) retract the lips (pull them away from the midline)?

(2)

**Risorius

Buccinators

39

What muscle(s) elevate the lips?

(3)

Zygomatic Minor

Levator Labii Superior

Levator Labii Superior Alaque Nasi

40

What muscle(s) retract the angles of the mouth?

Zygomatic Major

41

What muscle(s) elevate the lips away from the midline?

Levator Labii Superior

42

What muscle(s) dilate the nostrils?

Levator Labii Superioris Alaque Nasi

43

What muscle(s) bunches the chin?

Mentalis

44

What muscle(s) lifts the lips?

Levator Anguli Oris

45

What muscle(s) depresses the corners of the mouth?

Depressor Anguli Oris

46

What muscle(s) presses the upper lips agains the lower?

Depressor Anguli Oris

47

What muscle(s) do we use to frown?

(3)

Depressor Anguli Oris

Platysma

Mentalis

48

What muscle(s) do we use to smile?

(5)

Zygomatic Major & Minor

Levator Labii Superioris

Levator Anguli Oris

Risorius

Buccinator

49

What muscle(s) do we use to make the Elvis sneer?

(2)

Incisivus Labii

Levator Labii Suerioris Alaque Nasi

50

What muscle(s) do we use to pout?

(3)

Mentalis

Depressor Anguli Oris

Platysma

51

The Temporalis ____ the jaw and _______

Closes

Slides jaw backwards

52

The Massater ____ the jaw.

Closes

53

The Internal Pterygoid ____ the jaw.

Closes

54

The Digasticus (both) ____ the jaw.

Opens

55

The Mylohyoid ____ the jaw.

Opens

56

The Geniohyoid ____ the jaw.

Opens

57

The External Pterygoid ____ the jaw.

Slides forward

58

What muscle(s) close the jaw?

(3)

Temporalis

Masseter

Internal Pterygoid

59

What muscle(s) open the jaw?

(3)

Digastricus (both)

Mylohyoid

Geniohyoid

60

What muscle(s) slide the jaw forward?

External Pterygoid

61

What muscle(s) slide the jaw backward?

Temporalis

62

The Salpingopharynx _____ the ______.

Elevates

Pharynx

63

The Stylopharynx _____ the ______.

Dilates

Pharynx

64

The Constrictors _____ the ______.

Decrease the cross sectional area of

Lumen

65

The Palatopharyngeus (Vertical) _____ the ______.

Lowers

Palate

66

The Palatopharyngeus (Horizontal) _____ and _____ the ______.

Elevates

Constricts

Pharynx

67

What muscle(s) elevates the pharynx?

(2)

Salpingopharyngeus

Palatopharyngeus

68

What muscle(s) dilates the pharynx?

Stylopharyngeus

69

What muscle(s) lowers the palate?

(2)

Palatopharyngeus

Palatoglossus

70

What muscle(s) constricts the pharynx?

(2)

Palatopharyngeus

Constrictors

71

What are the three muscles of Tidal Inhalation?

Diaphragm

External Intercostals

Intercartilagenous Portion of the Internal Intercostals

72

What are the five muscles of Forced Inhalation?

Sternocleidomastoid

Scalenes (Anterior, Posterior, & Middle)

Pectoralis major & minor

Subclavius

Serratus Anterior

73

What are the five Expiration muscles that deal with Chest Compression?

Interosseous Portion of Internal Intercostals

Transversus Thoracis

Serratus Posterior Inferior

Quadratus Lumborum

Latissimus Dorsi

74

What are the four Expiration muscles that deal with Abdominal Compression?

Rectus Abominus

Transverse Abdominus

External Oblique

Internal Oblique

75

What are the four Phonation Muscles that Adduct?

LCA

Transverse Arytenoid

Oblique Arytenoid

Thyroarytenoids (passively)

76

What Phonation Muscles abducts?

PCA

77

What Phonation Muscles lengthens the vocal folds?

Cricoarytenoid

78

What provides the primary innervation for the Muscles of Mastication?

CN V

Trigeminal

79

What provides the primary innervation for the Intrinsic & Extrinsic Lingual Muscles?

CN XII

Hypoglossus

80

What provides the primary innervation for the Facial Muscles?

CN VII

Facial

81

What provides the primary innervation for the Pharyngeal & Velar Muscles?

Pharyngeal Plexus

82

What articulation muscles are innervated by the Facial Nerve (VII)?

(2)

All facial muscles

Digastric (posterior)

83

What articulation muscles are innervated by the Trigeminal Nerve (V)?

(6)

Palatal Tensor

Temporalis

Masster

Internal & External Pterygoid

Digastric (anterior)

Mylohyoid

84

What articulation muscles are innervated by the Hypoglossus Nerve (XII)?

(7)

Vertical Lingual

Transverse Lingual

Superior & Inferior Longitudinal Lingual

Genioglossus

Hyoglossus

Styloglossus

Geniohyoid

85

What articulation muscles are innervated by the Pharyngeal Plexus?

(4)

Palatal Levator

Palatoglossus

Palatopharyngeus

Uvelus

86

What muscles shortens the vocal folds?

Thyromuscularis

87

What is another name for the Levator Anguli Oris?

Caninus

88

What is another name for the Depressor Anguli Oris?

Triangularis

89

What muscles round the lips?

(3)

Incisivus Labii

Orbicularis Oris

Levator Anguli Oris

90

What nerve provides sensation for the posterior 1/3 of the tongue?

Glossopharyngeal (IX)