5 - PSY - Child and Adolescent Psych Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 5 - PSY - Child and Adolescent Psych Deck (23):
1

Prevalence of mental health difficulties in children?

10%

2

Normal child social development - newborn

preferential response to human face and voice - cries for comfort/food

3

Normal child social development - 9-months

starts to indicate wants without crying

4

Normal child social development - 18-month

tantrums, parallel play with peers

5

Normal child social development - 5y

develop friendships

6

3 categories of attachment theory

secure attachment
anxious-ambivalent insecure attachment
anxious-avoidant insecure attachment

7

When do stranger anxiety + selective attachments present

9-month

8

When do kids separate more easily from parents

3/4y

9

ASD = ?

Autistic Spectrum Disorder

10

Boys:Girls ratio of ASD

4:1

11

ASD triad of deficits?

socialisation
communication
repetitive behaviour

12

ASD aetiology - 3 things

- genetic
- biological, NT's, brain injury
- psychosocial factors affect how problem presents and how patient copes

13

ADHD is ?

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

14

ADHD Boys to girl ratio

3:1

15

ADHD must be ...
3 criteria for diagnosis

onset <7y
Persistent >1 setting (school and home)
Maladaptive and inconsistent with childs developmental level

16

Core ADHD symptoms

inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity

17

Dyslexia - boys : girls

4:1

18

define dyslexia

persistent difficulties in processing and producing written material out of keeping with persons other abilities

19

What is vital in assessment of a childs mental health?

including family

social context - can't control their own like adults

child protection/safe guarding - abuse may underlie presentation

20

ADHD Tx - bio?

stimulants - methylphenidate (ritalin, concerta)
non-stimulants - atomoxetine

21

AHDH Tx - psycho?

parenting course

22

ADHD Tx - Social?

educational liason (special needs)

23

Gillick competency/Fraser guidelines?

started with "can Dr give contraceptive to underage girls without parental consent" - now more widely used to assess whether child has maturity to make decisions about their care

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