Abdominal Vocabulary (Lab 11/12) Flashcards Preview

*Clinical Medicine* > Abdominal Vocabulary (Lab 11/12) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Abdominal Vocabulary (Lab 11/12) Deck (37):
1

a balloon-like swelling of the wall of an artery, vein, or heart; generally the result of a congenital defect in the wall or degenerative disease or infection

aneurysm

2

loss of appetite

anorexia

3

abnormal intraperitoneal accumulation of serous fluid

ascites

4

a palpation technique used in detecting or examining a floating object in the body

ballottement

5

a gurgling, splashing sound heard over the large intestine; caused by passage of flatus through the intestine

borborygmi

6

inflammation of the gallbladder

cholecystitis

7

stone formation in the gallbladder

cholelithiasis

8

a chronic disease of the liver characterized by fibrosis and alteration of normal liver architecture into structurally abnormal nodules

cirrhosis

9

spasm in any hollow tubular soft organ accompanied by pain

colic

10

difficult defecation; infrequent defecation with passage of unduly hard dry fecal material; sluggish action of the bowels; less than three bowel movements per week

constipation

11

frequent liquid or loose stools lasting less than four weeks in duration

diarrhea

12

painful or difficult bowel movement

dyschezia

13

imperfect digestion. not a disease in itself but symptomatic of other disorders. characterized by vague abdominal discomfort a sense of fullness after eating, eructation, heartburn, nausea and comiting and loss of appetit

dyspepsia

14

difficulty in swallowing

dysphagia

15

an abnormal tube like passage from a normal cavity or tube to a free surface or to another cavity. may be congenital due to incomplete closure of part of may result from abscesses, injuries, or inflammatory processes

fistula

16

burning gnawing pain in mid-epigastrium worsens with recumbency

gastroesophageal reflux

17

vomiting of blood

hematemesis

18

passage of stool containing blood

hematochezia

19

inflammation of the liver resulting on diffuse or patchy infiltrates

hepatitis

20

protrusion of an organ or tissue through an opening in the muscle wall

hernia

21

dilation of the renal pelvis and calces due to obstruction

hydronephrosis

22

pigmentation of the tissues , membranes, and secretions of the eye with bile pigment

icterus

23

prolapse or telescoping of one segment of intestine into another, causing intestinal obstruction

intussusception

24

disorder of intestinal motility

irritable bowel syndrome

25

a condition characterized by yellowness of the skin, mucous membranes, and body fluids due to deposition of bile pigment resulting from excess bilirubin in the blood

jaundice

26

abdominal pain radiating to the left shoulder, due to peritoneal irritation from blood or other irritants

kehr sign

27

evacuations resembling tar, due to actions of intestinal juices on free blood

melena

28

fan-shaped fold of peritoneum that holds the small intestine to the abdominal wall

mesentery

29

wavelike motion by which the alimentary tract propels its content

peristalsis

30

infection of the kidney

pyelonephritis

31

narrowing of the pyloric orrifice. this may be due to excessive thickening of the circular muscle of the pylorus or hypertrophy and hyperplasia of the mucosa and submucosa

pyloric stenosis

32

distal section of the stomach

pylorus

33

a percussion sound obtained when the body part can vibrate freely

resonance

34

a return or backward flow

reflux

35

streaks or lines (with a silvery white or purple hue); skin striae result from weakening of the elastic tissue associated with pregnancy, weight gain, rapid growth periods, and high levels of corticosteroids.

striae

36

a low pitched, resonant, drumlike sound heard while percussing the surface of a large, air containing body space

tympany

37

twisting of the intestine resulting in obstruction

volvulus