Peripheral Vascular System (Lab 21) Flashcards Preview

*Clinical Medicine* > Peripheral Vascular System (Lab 21) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Peripheral Vascular System (Lab 21) Deck (20):
1

a harsh or musical intermittent auscultatory sound, especially an abnormal one

bruit

2

pain resulting from muscle ischemia presenting with a dull ache, muscle fatigue and cramps

claudication

3

an accumulation of an excessive amount of watery fluid in cells, tissues, or serous cavities

edema

4

obstruction or occlusion of a vessel by an embolus

embolism

5

pain on passive dorsiflexion of the foot which may be indicative of thrombosis in the lower extremity

homan's sign

6

a nonpathologic venous phenomenon commonly found in children

hum

7

persisting high arterial blood pressure; generally established guidelines are values exceeding 140 mmHg systolic or exceeding 90 mmHg diastolic blood pressures

hypertension

8

abnormally low arterial blood pressure; generally established guidelines are values less than 90 mmHg systolic

hypotension

9

discomfort in breathing that is brought on or aggravated by laying flat

orthopnea

10

stenosis of the blood supply to the extremities by atherosclerotic plaques

peripheral arterial disease

11

inflammation of a vein

phlebitis

12

a specific pregnancy syndrome associated with hypertension occurring after the 20th week of pregnancy and the presence of proteinuria

preeclampsia

13

a vascular disorder resulting in exaggerated spasms of the arterioles in response to cold

raynaud phenomenon

14

backflow of blood due to incompetent valves

regurgitation

15

loss of consciousness and postural tone caused by dimished cerebral blood flow

syncope

16

inflammatory disease of the aortic arch

temporal artheritis

17

venous inflammation with thrombus formation

thrombophlebitis

18

a clot in the cardiovascular system formed during life from constituents of blood; it may be occlusive or attached to the vessel or heart wall without obstructing the lumen (mural thrombus)

thrombus

19

dilated and swollen veins with decreased blood flow and increased pressure resulting in incompetence of the vessel, valves, or obstruction in the proximal vein

varicose veins

20

blood clot that forms within a vein

venous thrombosis