Head and Neck Lab Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

*Clinical Medicine* > Head and Neck Lab Vocabulary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Head and Neck Lab Vocabulary Deck (45):
1

Alopecia

Hair loss

2

Angular cheilosis

Reddish inflammation of the lip or lips ad production of fissures that radiate from the angles of the mouth

3

Anosmia

Absence of the sense of smell

May be due to lesion of the olfactory nerve, obstruction of the nasal fossae, or functional without any apparent causative lesion

4

Branchial cleft cyst

A congenital lesion due to the incomplete involution of The branchial cleft which is usually located in the lateral neck

5

Bulging fontanelle

A condition of the fontanel that may indicate increased intracranial pressure

6

Caries

Microbial destruction or necrosis of teeth

7

Cerumen

The soft, brownish yellow, waxy secretion (a modified sebum) of the ceruminous glands of the external auditory meatus

8

Cheilitis

Inflammation and cracking of the lips

9

Cholesteatoma

A mass of keratinizing squamous epithelium and cholesterol in the middle ear, usually caused by chronic otitis media, with squamous metaplasia or extension of squamous epithelium inward to line an expanding cystic cavity that may involve the mastoid and erode surrounding bone

10

Craniosynostosis

Premature closure of sutures of the skull in an infant

11

Chloasma (mask of pregnancy)

A common facial discoloration in pregnancy

12

Encephalocele

A neural tube defect with protrusions of brain and membranes that cover the openings in the skull

13

Epistaxis

Bleeding from the nose

14

Epstein pearls

Multiple small, white, epithelial inclusion cysts found in the midline of the palate in newborn infants

15

Fordyce spots

Ectopic sebaceous glands of the buccal mucosa appearing as small yellow-white raised lesions found on the inner surface and vermilion border of the lips

16

Frenulum

Small fold of tissue that attaches the tongue to the floor of the mouth

17

Gingivitis

Inflammation of the gingiva (gums)

18

Hyperthyroidism

Overactivity of the thyroid gland

19

Hypothyroidism

Underactivity of the thyroid gland

20

Koplik's spots

Small red spots with bluish-white centers on the buccal mucosa opposite the molar teeth, appearing in the prodromal stage of measles

21

Leukoplakia

Circumscribed, firmly attached, thick white patches on the tongue and other mucous membranes, often occurring as a precancerous growth

Often this is associated with pipe smoking and snuff

22

Microencephaly

Abnormal smallness of the head

23

Molding

The size and shaping of the head of a newborn in accommodation to the birth canal

24

Oropharynx

Area of the throat that is located between the mouth and nasopharynx

25

Ossification

Formation of bone tissue

26

Otitis externa

Inflammation of the auditory canal, usually due to bacterial or fungal infection

Swimming, cerumen accumulation, foreign body, and trauma may all be predisposing factors

27

Otitis media

Inflammation/infection of the middle ear or tympanum

28

Otosclerosis

Deposits of bone resulting in the immobilization of the stapes

29

Peritonsillar abscess

Deep infection in the space between the soft palate and tonsil

30

Pharyngitis

Inflammation/infection of the mucous membrane and underlying parts of the pharynax

31

Pinna

Projecting shell-like structure on the side of the head

a.k.a. Auricle

32

Presbycusis

The impairment of hearing due to aging

33

Rhinitis

Inflammation of the nasal mucosa

34

Rhinorrhea

A thin watery discharge from the nose

35

Thyroglossal duct cyst

A palpable cystic mass in the neck due to incomplete closure of the thyroglossal duct

36

Tinnitus

An auditory sensation in the absence of sound heard in one or both ears, such as a ringing, buzzing, hissing or clicking

37

Tophi

Small, whitish uric acid crystals along the peripheral margins of the auricles in persons who may have gout

38

Torticollis ("wry neck")

Abnormal contraction of the neck muscles resulting in an unnatural positioning of the head

39

Torus mandibularis

A bony protuberance on the lingual aspect of the lower jaw in the canine-premolar region

40

Torus palatinus

A bony protuberance in the midline of the hard palate

41

Tympanosclerosis

The formation of dense connective tissue in the middle ear, often resulting in hearing loss when the ossicles are involved

42

Uvula

Conical projection of the posterior margin of the soft palate

43

Vertigo

Illusion of rotational movement in a patient that is often associated with an inner ear disorder

44

Webbing

Excessive posterior cervical skin that is associated with chromosomal anomalies

45

Xerostomia

Dry mouth