Lower Limb (Lab 18) Flashcards Preview

*Clinical Medicine* > Lower Limb (Lab 18) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lower Limb (Lab 18) Deck (15):
1

abduction

movement of limbs toward the lateral plane or away from the axial line of a limb

2

adduction

movement of limbs toward the medial plane of the body or toward the axial line of the limb

3

bursitis

inflammation of the bursa due to repetitive movement or pressure

4

claw toe

hyperextension of the metatarsophalangeal joint with flexion of the toe's proximal and distal joints

5

clubfoot

a fixed congenital defect of the ankle and foot

6

dislocation

complete separation of the contact between two bones in a joint

7

eversion

outward turning, movement of the sole of the foot outward at the ankle

8

hallux valgus

lateral deviation of the great toe with overlapping of the second toe

9

inversion

inward turning, movement of the sole of the foot inward at the ankle

10

leff-calve-perthes disease

avascular necrosis of the femoral head

11

mallet toe

a flexion deformity of the distal interphalangeal joint of the foot

12

metatarsus adductus

most common deformity of the foot, marked by the middle bones of the foot pointing in toward the body

13

osgood-schlatter disease

a common overuse injury of adolescents, which causes painful swelling of the knee due to apophyseal traction of the anterior aspect of the tibial tubercle

14

pes cavus

high arch on the sole of the foot

15

pes planus/ flat foot

collapsed arch of the foot