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*Clinical Medicine* > Heart > Flashcards

Flashcards in Heart Deck (17):
1

Angina

severe, often constricting pain; caused by reduced arterial blood to the myocardium, which reduces oxygen supplied to the myocardial cells; causes injury and ischemia and the sharp precordial pain directly related to cardiac ischemia; usually refers to angina pectoris

2

Arrhythmia

loss of rhythm; denotes especially an irregularity of the heartbeat

3

Atherosclerotic heart disease

narrowing of the small blood vessels of the heart

4

Bradycardia

slow beating of the heart, usually at a rate of less than 60 beats per minute

5

Bruit

a harsh or musical intermittent auscultatory sound, especially an abnormal one

6

Bacterial endocarditis

bacterial infection of the endothelial layer of the heart and valves

7

Cardiac tamponade

excessive fluid accumulation between the pericardium and the heart

8

Congestive heart failure

a failure of the heart to pump effectively resulting in congestion within the pulmonary and systemic circulation of the heart

9

Cor pulmonale

enlargement of the right ventricle secondary to chronic lung disease

10

Myocardial infarction

ischemic myocardial necrosis due to decreased blood flow to a segment of the myocardium

11

Myocarditis

inflammation of the myocardium

12

Myocardium

middle layer of the heart

13

Palpitations

forcible or irregular pulsation of the heart, perceptible to the patient, usually with an increase in frequency or force, with or without irregularity in rhythm

14

Pericarditis

inflammation of the pericardium

15

Pericardium

fibrous sac encasing the heart

16

Tachycardia

rapid beating of the heart, conventionally applied to rates over 100 bpm

17

Thrill

a fine, palpable sensation