Thorax and Lungs Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

*Clinical Medicine* > Thorax and Lungs Vocabulary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Thorax and Lungs Vocabulary Deck (26):
1

Adventitious breath sounds

abnormal auscultated breath sounds such as crackles, rhonchi, wheezes and friction rub

2

Apnea

a temporary halt to breathing

3

Asthma (reactive airway disease)

small airway obstruction caused by inflammation and hyperactive airways

4

Atelectasis

incomplete expansion of the lung

5

Barrel chest

increased anteroposterior diameter of the chest, often with some degree of kyphosis; commonly seen with COPD

6

Biot respirations

irregular respirations varying in depth and interrupted by intervals of apnea that lacks repetitive pattern

7

Bronchiectasis

chronic dilation of the bronchi or bronchioles caused by repeated infections or bronchial obstructions

8

Bronchitis

inflammation of the large airways

9

Bronchophony

an exaggeration of vocal resonance emanating from a bronchus surrounded by consolidated lung tissue (greater clarity and increased loudness of the spoken word)

10

Bronchiolitis

inflammation of the bronchioles

11

COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

disease process which causes decreased ability of the lungs to perform their function of ventilation (nonspecific diagnosis that includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema)

12

Dyspnea

difficult and labored breathing, shortness of breath

13

Egophony

the auditory quality associated with an increased intensity of the spoken voice along with nasal quality (e's become stuffy broad a's)

may be present in any condition that consolidates lung tissue

14

Hemoptysis

the coughing up of blood or bloodstained sputum from the respiratory tree

15

Kyphosis

an increased convex curvature of the thoracic spine

16

Vesicular

*Normal breath sound

heard over most of the lung fields; low pitch, soft and short expirations

17

Tubular

*Normal breath sound

heard only over trachea, high pitch; loud and long expirations, sometimes a bit longer than inspiration

18

Bronchovesicular

*Normal breath sound

heard over main bronchus area and over upper right posterior lung field; medium pitch; expiration equals inspiration

19

Orthopnea

shortness of breath that begins or increases when the patient lies down

20

Pectoriloquy

a striking transmission of voice sounds through the pulmonary structures, so that they are clearly audible through the stethoscope; commonly occurs from lung consolidation

21

Pectus carinatum (Pigeon chest)

forward protrusion of the sternum

22

Pectus excavatum (Funnel chest)

depression of the sternum

23

Resonance

quality of the sound heard on percussion of hollow structures such as the chest or abdomen

24

Tachypnea

rapid, usually shallow, breathing

25

Tactile fremitus

a tremor or vibration in any part of the body detected on palpation

26

Whispered pectoriloquy

the transmission of a whisper in the same way as that of a more readily audible speech, commonly, detected when the lung is consolidated by pneumonia (increase in the volume of voice sounds)