Skin, hair, nails (Lab 16) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Skin, hair, nails (Lab 16) Deck (50):
1

bluish discoloration of the hands and feet; may be present at birth and may persist for several days or longer if the newborn is kept in cool ambient temperatures

acrocyanosis

2

hair loss

alopecia

3

pathcy, non-scarring, asymmetric hair loss occurring in sharply defined areas of the scalp or beard

alopecia areata

4

shaped like a ring; used to describe a lesion that forms a ring around a clear center of normal skin

annular

5

thinning of skin surface and loss of skin markings; skin translucent and paper-like

atrophy

6

vesicle greater than 1 cm in diameter

bulla

7

a diffuse, acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue

cellulitis

8

a facial discoloration common during pregnancy; aka mask of pregnancy

chloasma

9

referring to lesions that run together

confluent

10

dried serum, blood, or purulent exudates; slightly elevated; size varies; brown, red, black, tan, or straw-colored

crust

11

a marbled or mottled appearancce of the skin of a newborn when exposed to decreased temperatures; occurs because the newborn's immature vascular system is unable to adapt to temperature changes

cutis marmorata

12

elevated, circumscribed, encapsulated lesion; in dermis or subcutaneous layer; filled with liquid or semi-solid material

cyst

13

referring to a lesion that follows a nerve or segment of the body

dermatomal

14

a contusion or a bruise

ecchymosis

15

common inflammatory skin disorder presenting with pruritic papulovesicular lesions

eczematous dermatitis

16

loss of part of the epidermis; depressed, moist, glistening; follows rupture of a vesicle or bulla

erosion

17

a common transient benign condition seen in newborns during the first week consisting of generalized small papules or pustules

erythema toxicum

18

loss of the peidermis; linear hollowed-out, crusted area

excoriation

19

linear crack or break from the epidermis to the dermis; may be moist or dry

fissure

20

inflammation and infection of the hair follicle and surrounding dermis

folliculitis

21

a deep-seated infection of the pilosebaceous unit

furuncle

22

a skin coloration that occurs in some newborns in response to changes in position

harlequin color change

23

irregular-shaped, elevated, progressively enlarging scar; grows beyond the boundaries of the wound; caused by excessive collagen formation during healing

keloid

24

fine, silky hair of newborn's skin

lanugo

25

rough, thickened epidermis secondary to persistent rubbing, itching, or skin irritation; often involves flexor surface of extremity

lichenification

26

a flat, circumscribed area that is a change in the color of the skin; less than 1 cm in diameter

macule

27

areas of deep bluish-gray pigmentation most commonly on the sacral aspect of a newborn

mongolian spots

28

maculopapular lesions that becomes confluent on the face and body

morbilliform

29

a mole that varies in size and color

nevus

30

elevated, firm, circumscribed lesion; deeper in dermis than papule; 1 to 2 cm in diameter

nodule

31

an elevated, firm, circumscribed area; less than 1 cm in diameter

papule

32

flat, nonpalpable, irregular shaped macule greater than 1 cm in diameter

patch

33

tiny, flat purple or red spots on the skin surface, resulting from minute hemorrhages within the dermal layer

petechiae

34

common self-limiting exanthematous rash whose onset is marked by a "herald patch"

pityriasis rosea

35

elevated, firm, and rough lesion with flat top surface greater than 1 cm in diameter

plaque

36

a chronic recurrent disease of keratin synthesis

psoriasis

37

elevated, superficial lesion; similar to a vesicle but filled with purulent fluid

pustule

38

flat, deep pink localized areas usually seen on the mid-forehead, eyelids, upper lip, and back of a newborn

salmon patches (stork bites)

39

heaped-up, keratinized cells; flaky skin; irregular, thick or thin; dry or oily; variation in size

scale

40

thin to thick fibrous tissue that replaces normal skin following injury or laceration to the dermis

scar

41

lipid substance that keeps skin and hair from drying out

sebum

42

refers to a star-shaped lesion

stellate

43

fine, irregular, red line produced by capillary dilation

telangiectasia

44

a group of noncandidal fungal infection

tinea

45

elevated and solid lesion; may or may not be clearly demarcated; deeper in dermis; greater than 2cm in diameter

tumor

46

short fine nonpigmented hair

vellus hair

47

a mixture of sebum and cornified epidermis that covers the infant's body at birth

vernix caseosa

48

elevated, circumscribed, superficial, not into dermis; filled with serous fluid; less than 1 cm in diameter

vesicle

49

elevated, irregular-shaped area of cutaneous edema; solid, transient, variable diameter

wheal

50

loss of epidermis and dermis; concave, varies in size

ulcer