Female Genitalia (Lab 14) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Female Genitalia (Lab 14) Deck (37):
1

absence or suppression of menstruation

amenorrhea

2

located posteriorly on each side of the vaginal orifice with opening on to the sides of the vestibule between the labia minora and hymen

bartholin glands

3

a bluish discoloration of the cervix that normally occurs with pregnancy at 6-8 wks duration

chadwick's sign

4

a term that describes the period that marks the cessation of a woman's reproductive period; a corresponding period of lessening sexual activity in the male

climacteric

5

small bud of erectile tissue (homolog of penis) and a primary center of sexual excitement

clitoris

6

inflammation of the urinary bladder usually occurring secondary to ascending infections and involve associated organs (kidney, prostrate, urethra)

cystitis

7

a bladder hernia, an injury to the vesicovaginal fascia during delivery may allow the bladder to pouch into the vagina causing a cystocele

cystocele

8

involves the opening of the cervical canal to allow for passage of fetus. process is measured in centimeters and progresses from a closed os (internal) to 10 centimeters (full dilation)

dilation

9

painful or difficult menstruation, either primary or secondary

dysmenorrhea

10

painful sexual intercourse

dyspareunia

11

painful or difficult urination, symptomatic or numerous conditions

dysuria

12

refers to the thinning of the cervix that results when myometrial activity pulls the cervix upwards, allowing the cervix to become part of the lower uterine segment during prelabor and early labor

effacement

13

presence of endometrial tissue outside of the uterus

endometriosis

14

blood in the urine

hematuria

15

softening of the cervix that occurs in pregnancy at 6-8 wks gestation

hegar sign

16

distention of the vagina due to an accumulation of fluid cause by a congenital obstruction

hydrocolpos

17

a circular, crescentic, or fimbriated connective tissue membrane

hymen

18

the first menstruation and initiation of cyclic menstrual function

menarche

19

excessive bleeding during a menstruation and between menstrual periods

menometrorrhagia

20

menstrual bleeding at irregular intervals, sometimes prolonged, but of expected amount

metrorrhagia

21

lower abdominal pain associated with ovulation

mittelschmerz

22

benign uterine tumors arising from the overgrowth of smooth muscle and connective tissue of the uterus

myomas

23

infrequent menstruation

oligomenorrhea

24

diminished amount of urine formation or scanty urine production (less than 500 ml in 24 hrs); results in inefficient secretion of the products of metabolism

oliguria

25

excessive excretion and discharge of urine. the urine does not, as a rule, contain abnormal constituents. several hundred ounces a day may be voided. it is pale in color.

polyuria

26

pus in the urine: evidence of renal disease

pyuria

27

protrusion or herniation of posterior vaginal wall with the anterior wall of the rectum through the vagina

rectocele

28

infection or inflammation of the fallopian tubes

salpingitis

29

ducts that drain a group of urethral glands located on each side of the urethra opening into the vestibule

skene ducts

30

the relationship of the presenting part to the ischial spines of the mother's pelvis. the measurement is determined by centimeters above and below the ischial spines and is recorded by plus and minus signs

station

31

inability to retain urine

urinary incontinence

32

leakage of urine due to increased intraabdominal pressure that can occur from coughing, laughing, exercise, or lifting heavy things

stress incontinence

33

the inability to hold urine once the urge to void occurs. causes of this abnormality can e local genitourinary conditions, such as infection or tumor; or CNS disorders such as stroke

urge incontinence

34

a mechanical dysfunction resulting from an over distended bladder. this type has many causes: anatomic obstruction by prostatic hypertrophy and strictures; urologic abnormalites that impair detrusor contractility, such as MS, spinal lesions

overflow incontinence

35

uterus herniation into or beyond the vagina cause by a weakening in the supporting structures

uterine prolapse

36

inflammation of the vagina

vaginitis

37

inflammation of the vulvar and vaginal tissues

vulvovaginitis