Musculoskeltal/ Upper Limb and Hip (Lab 22) Flashcards Preview

*Clinical Medicine* > Musculoskeltal/ Upper Limb and Hip (Lab 22) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Musculoskeltal/ Upper Limb and Hip (Lab 22) Deck (29):
1

movement of the limbs toward the lateral plane or away from the axial line of a limb

abduction

2

movement of the limbs toward the medial plane of the body or toward the axial line of the limb

adduction

3

a hereditary chronic inflammatory disease, initially affecting the lumbar spine and sacroiliac joints

ankylosing spondylitis

4

inflammation of a joint, usually accompanied by pain and frequenty, changes in structure

arthritis

5

any disease affecting a joint

arthropathy

6

joint affection caused by trophic degeneration

arthrosis

7

inflammation of a bursa, especially those located between bony prominences and muscle or tendon

bursitis

8

pressure on the median nerve at the point at which it goes through the carpal tunnel of the wrist

carpal tunnel syndrome

9

a crinkly crackling, grating feeling or sound in the joints, skin, or lungs; the quality of sound is simulated by Rice Crispies in milk; the quality of touch is somewhat simulated by rubbing hair between fingers

crepitus

10

contracture of palmar fascia causing the ring and little fingers to bend into the palm so that they can not be extended

dupuytren's contracture

11

turning outward

eversion

12

a painful nonarticular condition that leads to diffuse musculoskeletal discomfort

fibromyalgia

13

a sharp, angular deformity associated with collapsed vertebra due to osteoporosis

gibbus

14

apparatus to measure joint movements and angles

goniometer

15

turning inward

inversion

16

an increased convex curvature of the thoracic spine

kyphosis

17

an increased concave curvature of the lumbar spine

lordosis

18

deterioration of the articular cartilage covering bone ends in the synovial joints

osteoarthritis

19

an infection of the bone

osteomyelitis

20

a decrease of bone mass that occurs due to bone resorption that is more rapid than bone deposition

osteoporosis

21

a condition of either the hand or foot which results in more than five digits

polydactyly

22

the act of turning the hand so the palm faces downward or backward

pronation

23

dislocation injury of the elbow

radial head subluxation (nursemaid's elbow)

24

lateral curvature of the spine. depending on the etiology, there may be one curve, or primary and secondary compensatory curves; scoliosis may be fixed as a result of muscle and or bone deformity or mobile as a result of unequal muscle contraction

soliosis

25

a single crease extending across the palm which is associated with Down syndrome

simian

26

the act of turning of the hand so the palm faces upward

supination

27

a congenital condition that results in the fusion of digits of the hand and foot

syndactyly

28

inflammation of a tendon

tendonitis

29

inflammation of a sheath of a tendon or the tendon

tenosynovitis