Lymphatics (Lab 20) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lymphatics (Lab 20) Deck (22):
1

a balloon-like swelling of the wall of an artery, vein, or heart; generally the result of a congenital defect in the wall or degenerative disease or infection (ex: atherosclerosis or syphilis)

aneurysm

2

longitudinal splitting of the arterial wall from hemorrhage

dissecting aneurysm

3

abnormal intraperitoneal accumulation of serous fluid

ascites

4

the most common form of arteriosclerosis, deposits in the walls of arteries

atherosclerosis

5

flexion of the hips when the neck is flexed from a supine position. it occurs in patients with meningeal inflammation

brudzinski sign

6

an unexplained audible swishing wound or murmur over an artery or vascular organ

bruit

7

inflammation of soft or connective tissue that causes a watery exudate to spread through the tissue spaces

cellulitis

8

condition resulting from muscle ischemia due to decreased arterial blood flow to an area, characterized by intermittent pain and limping

claudication

9

excessive accumulation of fluid in the cells, tissues, or serous cavities of the body

edema

10

wavelike motion felt when palpating a node

fluctuant

11

a sign of meningeal irritation evidenced by reflex contraction and pain in the hamstring muscles, when attempting to extend the leg after flexing the hip

kerning's sign

12

enlargement of the lymph nodes, typically to greater than 1.5 cm. the increased size is caused by activation and proliferation of lymphocytes and phagocytic WBC within the node or invasion of the node by tumor

lymphadenopathy

13

congenital malformation of dilated lymphatics

lymphangioma

14

swelling, particularly of subcutaneous tissues, caused by obstruction of the lymphatic system and accumulation of interstitial fluid

lymphedema

15

used to describe a group of nodes that feel connected and appear to move as a single unit

matted

16

inflammation of the membranes of the spinal cord or brain , usually but not always caused by an infectious illness

meningitis

17

resistance to flexion of the neck, seen in individuals with meningitis

nuchal rigidity

18

a form of edema which appears as a indentation or depression that will not rapidly return to its original appearance

pitting

19

small nontender nodes that feel like BBs or bucket shot under the skin

shotty nodes

20

inflammation of the wall of a vein associated with thrombus formation

thrombophlebitis

21

the formation of presence of a blood clot within a blood vessel or within one of the cavities of the heart

thrombosis

22

an enlarged, dilated superficial vein. this condition may occur in almost any part of the body but is most common in the lower extremities and the esophagus

varicose vein