Acid-base balance and disturbances Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Acid-base balance and disturbances Deck (20)
1

pH is determined by what 2 things

HCO3- and PaCO2

2

More specifically pH is determined by the ratio of HCO3- to PaCO2 this is know as the what?

henderson-Hasselbalch equation

3

Normal pH

7.35-7.45

4

Normal HCO3-

22-27 mEq/L

5

Normal PaCO2

35-45 mmHg

6

what 2 metabolic d/o can be completely compensated

resp alkolosis
resp acidosis

7

what is this pH very low PaCO2 high HCO3- normal

resp acidosis (uncompensated)

8

what is this pH low PaCO2 high HCO3- high

Partially compensated resp acidosis

9

what is this pH normal PaCO2 high HCO3- high

completely compensated resp acidosis

10

what is this pH very high PaCO2 low HCO3- normal

resp alkalosis (uncompensated)

11

what is this pH high PaCO2 low HCO3- low

Partial compensated resp alk

12

what is this pH normal PaCO2 low HCO3- low

Completely compensated rest all

13

what is this pH low PaCO2 normal HCO3- low

metabolic acidosis

14

what is this pH low PaCO2 low HCO3- low

partially compensated met acidosis

15

what is this pH high PaCO2 normal HCO3- high

metbolic alkolosis

16

what is this pH high PaCO2 high HCO3- high

partially compensated met alk

17

pH 7.48
PaCO2 53
HCO3- 38

partial compensated metabolic acidosis

18

pH 7.37
PaCO2 65
HCO3- 36

completely compensated respiratory acidosis

19

pH 7.32
PaCO2 65
HCO3- 32

partially compensated respiratory acidosis

20

see page 255 for more questions

answers on page 256 sweat book

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