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Flashcards in Peds facts Deck (80)
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1

what is the age for neonates

less than 30 days of age

2

what is the age for infants

1-12 months

3

what is the age for children

1-12 years

4

The CO of neonates is dependent on what? and why?

HR
bc SV is relatively fixed by a non-compliant and poorly developed left ventricle

5

CO is depedendent on what

HR

6

Neonate and infants compared to adult:
HR is what?

faster

7

Neonate and infants compared to adult:
BP is what?

lower

8

Neonate and infants compared to adult:
RR is what?

faster

9

Neonate and infants compared to adult:
lung compliance is what?

lower lung compliance

10

Neonate and infants compared to adult:
chest wall compliance

greater chest wall compliance

11

Neonate and infants compared to adult:
FRC

lower functional residual capacity

12

Neonate and infants compared to adult:
ratio of body surface to body weight

higher ratio of body surface to body weight

13

Neonate and infants compared to adult:
total body water content

higher total body water content

14

Neonate and infants compared to adult:
compliance of LV

non-compliant (less compliant than adult)

15

they have large what anatomically

head an tongues

16

Neonate and infants Anatomic differences:
what is unique about the nasal passage

narrow

17

Neonate and infants Anatomic differences:
what is unique about the larynx

narrow and cephalad

18

Neonate and infants Anatomic differences:
what is unique about their epiglottis

longer

19

Neonate and infants Anatomic differences:
what is unique about their trachea and neck

short

20

Neonate and infants Anatomic differences:
they usually have prominent what in the oral cavity

tonsils and adenoids

21

Neonate and infants Anatomic differences:
are their intercostal and diaphragm muscles weak or strong

weak

22

Neonate and infants Anatomic differences:
do they have high or low resistance to airflow

high resistance

23

Neonate and infants Pharmacologic differences:
what is unique about their hepatic biotransformation

it is immature

24

Neonate and infants Pharmacologic differences:
do they have increased or decreased protein binding?

decreased protein binding

25

Neonate and infants Pharmacologic differences:
do they have fast or slow induction and recovery?

rapid (fast)

26

Neonate and infants Pharmacologic differences:
do they have a large or small Vd for water soluble

large volume of distribution

27

Neonate and infants Pharmacologic differences:
what is unique about their NMJ

immature

28

where is the laryngeal location in the adult?

C3-C6

29

where is the laryngeal location in the per?

C2-C4

30

what is the narrowest part of the adult airway?

Glottis

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