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Flashcards in after ww2 Deck (71)
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1

espionage
western countries were unsure about their _______ alliance

Soviet

2

espionage
which promises did Stalin break?

all the promises made at Yalta, Ukraine in February 1945

3

espionage
what did western countries gather information about?

their "ally"

4

espionage
what type of secret intelligence was gathered?

government production, military productivity, capability, movements

5

espionage
who needed espionage?

essential for all countries involved in the Cold War

6

Gouzenko Affair
who was Igor Gouzenko?

worked in Ottawa for Soviet military intelligence

7

Gouzenko Affair
what did Gouzenko reveal?

a Soviet spy network operating in Canada, Britain, US

8

Gouzenko Affair
what did Gouzenko claim Soviets were doing?

developing a network for ww3

9

Gouzenko Affair
what helped prove Gouzenko's claims?

he had smuggled 100 documents out of Soviet Embassy

10

Gouzenko Affair
what did Gouzenko testify about Canadian spies?

they had been giving nuclear weaponry information to Soviets

11

Gouzenko Affair
what did the Gouzenko Affair lead to and what did the government use to justify it?

arrest of several Canadians; government used War Measures Act to detain and question without charge

12

Gouzenko Affair
how many people were eventually charged?

20

13

Gouzenko Affair
what was the result of the Gouzenko Affair?

put immediate end to plans for the UN to control nuclear arms

14

Gouzenko Affair
what would the US build in retaliation?

arsenal of nuclear weapons for defense

15

Gouzenko Affair
what did the affair lead to?

suspicion and paranoia

16

Gouzenko Affair
who was a suspect?

anyone connected with communism/ socialist leanings

17

Arms Race
what did the Soviet Union announce on September 23, 1949?

that it had detonated its first atomic bomb 2 months ago

18

Arms Race
what did western governments do in defence from the Soviets?

western governments stockpiled nuclear weapons

19

Arms Race
why wouldn't countries attack each other?

in fear of MAD

20

Arms Race
what was MAD?

mutually assured destruction

21

NATO
what was NATO?

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

22

NATO
which countries considered an alliance in the fall of 1948 and why?

US, Canada, other European countries to prevent further Soviet expansion

23

NATO
what did Canada push for the agreement to do?

not only protect members from communist attack but also bind in peaceful coexistence

24

NATO
what was the Canada clause?

maintain peace through economic relationship

25

NATO
when was the agreement effective?

August 24, 1949

26

Warsaw Pact
what did NATO vote for in 1954?

NATO voted to allow west Germany to join alliance, and rearm

27

Warsaw Pact
what did the Soviets do in response to NATO?

created alliance to mirror NATO

28

Warsaw Pact
what happened in 1955 in Warsaw, Poland?

Soviet Union and 7 European countries met in Warsaw, Poland, to sign Warsaw Pact

29

Warsaw Pact
what could members of the Pact not do?

could not withdraw from Warsaw Pact

30

Warsaw Pact
what did members of the Pact agree to do?

aid any member under attack

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