Flashcards in after ww2 Deck (71)
western countries were unsure about their _______ alliance
which promises did Stalin break?
all the promises made at Yalta, Ukraine in February 1945
what did western countries gather information about?
what type of secret intelligence was gathered?
government production, military productivity, capability, movements
who needed espionage?
essential for all countries involved in the Cold War
who was Igor Gouzenko?
worked in Ottawa for Soviet military intelligence
what did Gouzenko reveal?
a Soviet spy network operating in Canada, Britain, US
what did Gouzenko claim Soviets were doing?
developing a network for ww3
what helped prove Gouzenko's claims?
he had smuggled 100 documents out of Soviet Embassy
what did Gouzenko testify about Canadian spies?
they had been giving nuclear weaponry information to Soviets
what did the Gouzenko Affair lead to and what did the government use to justify it?
arrest of several Canadians; government used War Measures Act to detain and question without charge
how many people were eventually charged?
what was the result of the Gouzenko Affair?
put immediate end to plans for the UN to control nuclear arms
what would the US build in retaliation?
arsenal of nuclear weapons for defense
what did the affair lead to?
suspicion and paranoia
who was a suspect?
anyone connected with communism/ socialist leanings
what did the Soviet Union announce on September 23, 1949?
that it had detonated its first atomic bomb 2 months ago
what did western governments do in defence from the Soviets?
western governments stockpiled nuclear weapons
why wouldn't countries attack each other?
in fear of MAD
what was MAD?
mutually assured destruction
what was NATO?
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
which countries considered an alliance in the fall of 1948 and why?
US, Canada, other European countries to prevent further Soviet expansion
what did Canada push for the agreement to do?
not only protect members from communist attack but also bind in peaceful coexistence
what was the Canada clause?
maintain peace through economic relationship
when was the agreement effective?
August 24, 1949
what did NATO vote for in 1954?
NATO voted to allow west Germany to join alliance, and rearm
what did the Soviets do in response to NATO?
created alliance to mirror NATO
what happened in 1955 in Warsaw, Poland?
Soviet Union and 7 European countries met in Warsaw, Poland, to sign Warsaw Pact
what could members of the Pact not do?
could not withdraw from Warsaw Pact