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Flashcards in canada in 1914 Deck (32):
1

who led Canada up until 1911?

Wilfrid Laurier; prime minister for 15 years, 4 consecutive terms

2

who did Laurier's liberals lose the 1911 election to and what was the party's beliefs?

Robert Borden's conservative government; believed closer ties with the US would damage Canada's ties to Britain, "White Canada" slogan (play on immigrant invasion fears)

3

what was Borden's significance?

8th prime minister (1911 - 1920); led Canada through WWI

4

when did Canada reach its recognizable size and shape, all of the provinces had been established?

1914

5

which provinces remained a British colony and which territory was not created by the war?

Newfoundland and Labrador / Nunavut

6

what was the population of Canada by WWI?

about 7.2M

7

how many people had been born in Canada or a British colony?

6.2M

8

why were immigrants under fire?

for taking cheap labour jobs

9

what elements of a "just society" were there in Canada?
_____ was a part of life

racism

10

what elements of a "just society" were there in Canada?
__________ were marginalized and ________ people were targets

natives / coloured

11

what elements of a "just society" were there in Canada?
among whites, there was racism based on ____________

European hierarchy

12

what elements of a "just society" were there in Canada?
violence against ______ was common; ____ were nonexistant

women / laws

13

what elements of a "just society" were there in Canada?
classism was well established and ________ was important

breeding

14

what elements of a "just society" were there in Canada?
many different ________ in Canada for a long time at this point

ethnicities

15

what elements of "national reconciliation" were there in Canada?
the provinces were _____ connected by the train physically and roads ________ built; economic relations were _________ with most trading with ___________ directly

poorly / were not / very poor / Great Britain or United States

16

what elements of "national reconciliation" were there in Canada?
_______ and _______ were at odds over every issue with strong _______ and ________ tendencies separating them

Quebec / Ontario / nationalist / imperialist

17

what elements of "national reconciliation" were there in Canada?
provinces producing staples resented ___________

wealthy central Canada

18

what elements of "autonomy" were there in Canada?
most people saw themselves as an extension of ____________

Great Britain in Canada

19

what elements of "autonomy" were there in Canada?
America was considered a threat through _____________ and _________

Manifest Destiny / economy

20

what elements of "autonomy" were there in Canada?
Canada could not make ______ and still did not control the ________

treaties / BNA Act

21

what elements of "economy" were there in Canada?
name 5 examples of the largely staple based economy

fishing, forestry, mining, farming, small manufacturers

22

what elements of "economy" were there in Canada?
most of Canada's trade was still with __________

Great Britain

23

what elements of "economy" were there in Canada?
mini- mercantilism with manufacturing located ____________

in central Canada

24

what elements of "society" were there in Canada?
very religious life; _______ and _________ brought their issues

Catholics / Protestants

25

what elements of "society" were there in Canada?
___________ were very clear (women bear children; men kill bears)

gender roles

26

what elements of "society" were there in Canada?
education was _________ overall with great _________

very poor / controversy

27

what elements of "society" were there in Canada?
health was ______ and there were __________ (Darwinism- survival of the fittest)

poor / no social services

28

what elements of "society" were there in Canada?
_______ was a way of life for men and working class

drinking

29

what elements of "political" were there in Canada?
__________ and ______ dominated politics

Conservatives / Liberals

30

what elements of "political" were there in Canada?
_____________ and __________ were huge figures in nation building

John A Macdonald / Wilfred Laurier

31

what elements of "political" were there in Canada?
the Conservatives were driven by _______ values while Laurier steered away

British

32

what elements of "political" were there in Canada?
regional parties are common and _______ have a lot of voice

farmers

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