Louis St Laurent and John Diefenbaker Flashcards Preview

10 history > Louis St Laurent and John Diefenbaker > Flashcards

Flashcards in Louis St Laurent and John Diefenbaker Deck (30):
1

St Laurent's Domestic Policy
when did St Laurent lead Canada?

during post war economic boom

2

St Laurent's Domestic Policy
name examples of social welfare being expanded

family allowances and old age pensions extended
fund post secondary education
created early form of hospital insurance

3

St Laurent's Domestic Policy
name examples of massive public infrastructure projects

Trans-Canada Highway
St Lawrence Seaway
Trans-Canada Pipeline

4

St Laurent's Government
when and why was the British North America Act amended?

1949- allow limited powers for Canada to amend its own Constitution

5

St Laurent's Government
what did the Supreme Court of Canada replace in 1949?

British Privy Council

6

St Laurent's Government
when did Newfoundland join Confederation?

1949

7

St Laurent's Government
what was the point of Canada Council for the Arts?

foster and promote the study of enjoyment of and the production of works in the arts

8

St Laurent's Foreign Policy
what did St Laurent advocate for the establishment of and when?

NATO; 1949

9

St Laurent's Foreign Policy
what did Canada contribute to the Korean War (1950-1953)?

Canada sent 30 000 troops; 500 killed, 1200 wounded

10

Trans-Canada Pipeline Controversy
what led to energy shortages?

Canadian population booming in the 1950s

11

Trans-Canada Pipeline Controversy
why was the Trans-Canada Pipeline proposed by government?

to deliver gas from Alberta eastward to Quebec

12

Trans-Canada Pipeline Controversy
what was construction difficult through?

the Canadian Shield

13

Diefenbaker's Domestic Policy
what pensions did Diefenbaker raise the monthly amount of?

old age pensions

14

Diefenbaker's Domestic Policy
name examples of job creation in recession (1960)

winter works programs, crop subsidies, wheat to China

15

Diefenbaker's Domestic Policy
what "firsts" did Diefenbaker appointed to the government in terms of just society?

first female cabinet minister and Aboriginal senator

16

Diefenbaker's "Northern Vision"
what was involved in this "vision"?

mining, oil, etc

17

Diefenbaker's "Northern Vision"
who did Diefenbaker give the right to vote?

Status Indians

18

Diefenbaker's "Northern Vision"
what was the recession?

high cost, low demand

19

Diefenbaker's "Northern Vision"
what happened to the vision project?

it was abandoned

20

Diefenbaker's "Northern Vision"
who did the vision create problems for?

Aboriginal peoples

21

Bill of Rights (1960)
what did national unity based on equality lead to?

"unhyphenated Canadianism"

22

Bill of Rights (1960)
name examples of legal protections

freedom of speech and religion
protection of the law without discrimination
right to life, liberty, security

23

limitations to Bill
was the Bill Constitutional?

no, Parliament could change

24

limitations to Bill
did the Bill have to be adopted at provincial level?

no

25

limitations to Bill
what happened as a result of courts not taking it seriously?

judges applied it to existing rights but did not use the Bill to expand rights or strike down laws

26

Diefenbaker's disappointments
name examples of the economy suffering?

enough exports; too many US imports
Canadian dollar devalued to 0.925 US

27

Diefenbaker's disappointments
why did Diefenbaker cancel the Avro Arrow project (1959)?

$12M per plane
believed modern warfare would be fought by missiles not jets

28

Diefenbaker's disappointments
what did Diefenbaker do with the Cuban Missile Crisis (1962)?

did not go along with US request to arm Bomarc Missiles with nuclear warheads

29

Diefenbaker's disappointments- Cuban Missile Crisis (1962)
which party was split on the issue and what was the result?

the Conservative party; called election

30

Diefenbaker's disappointments
who won the election due to the Cuban Missile Crisis?

Pearson's Liberals won a minority

Decks in 10 history Class (68):