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Flashcards in war in the Pacific Deck (58)
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1

totalitarianism in Japan
what happened in the late 1920s in terms of power in Japan and what happened in 1931 to the government?

power in Japan shifted to hard line militarists who later dominated the Japanese government in 1931

2

totalitarianism in Japan
1931- Japan invades ________

Manchuria

3

totalitarianism in Japan
what was the result of Japanese forces landing at Shanghai in 1932 and in 1937 do a multi pronged attack?

full-scale war commences

4

Japanese rape of Nanjing
how many were killed in 1937 with full-scale war in Nanjing?

300 000 in early December

5

Japanese rape of Nanjing
what happened on December 13?

population of Nanjing was subjected to uncontrolled butchery known as the Japanese rape of Nanjing

6

Japanese rape of Nanjing
as Japanese poured into the city, what happened to fleeing citizens and members of the Chinese army?

citizens: were shot or bayonetted / army: were captured and brought to killing fields

7

Japanese rape of Nanjing
what happened at the killing fields?

they were shot, beheaded, used for bayonet practice, or killed in some other gruesome manner before being dumped into mass graves- thousands were buried alive

8

Japanese rape of Nanjing
what happened to thousands of women?

raped, brutally forced into sex, murdered afterwards

9

Pearl Harbour
what happened on December 7, 1941?

Japan bombs Pearl Harbour, an American naval base in Hawaii

10

Pearl Harbour
why did Japan attack Pearl Harbour?

they wanted to expand its empire in the Pacific and viewed the American's growing naval strength as a possible obstacle

11

Battle of Hong Kong
what happened 8 hours after Pearl Harbour?

Japan attacks the British territory of Hong Kong

12

Battle of Hong Kong
who was involved in the battle (Canada vs Japan)?

1975 young, inexperienced Canadian soldiers and 2 nurses in Hong Kong vs 50 000 battle hardened Japanese soldiers

13

Battle of Hong Kong
what was the result of Japanese soldiers capturing the airport?

eliminating all hope for air support and reinforcements

14

Battle of Hong Kong
when did Canadians surrender?

Black Christmas (December 25 1941)

15

Battle of Hong Kong
what happened to the 1685 Canadians who survived?

were sent to POW camps where conditions were rough- 260+ Canadians dead

16

Japanese Internment
pre war- ________ Japanese Canadians lived in BC

22 096

17

Japanese Internment
what was Canada's reaction to Pearl Harbour and Hong Kong?

Canada took Japanese Canadians' rights away

18

Japanese Internment
what happened on February 24, 1942 to all male Japanese Canadians aged 18-45?

were taken to camps in the interior of BC

19

Japanese Internment
what happened within 24 hours of sending all Japanese males away?

all Japanese Canadians had 24 hours to pack up and move inland

20

Japanese Internment
what happened on March 4th to all Japanese Canadians and why?

ordered to turn over their property and belongings to the Custodian of Enemy Alien Property as a "protective measure only"- but most never saw their possessions again

21

Japanese Internment
after the war, Japanese Canadians were encouraged to _______________

leave Canada

22

Japanese Internment
what happened to the Japanese Canadians who stayed in Canada?

were not allowed to return to Vancouver until 1949

23

Japanese Internment
what was the government apology in 1988?

a total of $12M ($21 000 to each internee)

24

the war in Europe ends
what did other Allies do as Canadian forces freed the Netherlands and marched into northern Germany?

converged on Berlin

25

the war in Europe ends
when did Hitler commit suicide?

on April 30 as Soviet forces entered the city

26

the war in Europe ends
what happened on May 5, 1942?

ceasefire declared

27

the war in Europe ends
what happened on May 7, 1942?

German forces surrendered unconditionally

28

the war in Europe ends
what happened on May 8, 1942?

Allied leaders declared this day Victory in Europe Day

29

war continues in the Pacific
Japan fought in _____________ and the _______

southeast Asia / Pacific

30

war continues in the Pacific
Japan occupied _____ (now Myanmar), much of ______, and the _________

Burma / China / Philippines

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