1930s world dictators Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 1930s world dictators Deck (56):
1

where was Benito Mussolini from?

Italy

2

where was Francisco Franco from?

Spain

3

where was Josef Stalin from?

USSR (Russia)

4

where was Hirohito from?

Japan

5

where was Chiang Kai-Shek from?

China

6

when and where was Benito Mussolini born?

July 29, 1883 / Preddapro, Italy

7

Benito Mussolini
served in the _______ in WWI

Italian Army

8

in March 1919, Benito Mussolini formed the ____________

Fascist Party

9

which country did Benito Mussolini invade in 1935?

Abyssina (now Ethiopia)

10

who did Benito Mussolini provide military support to?

Francisco Franco

11

who was Benito Mussolini in a pact with?

Germany

12

was Benito Mussolini pro- or anti- Jew?

anti

13

what did Benito Mussolini do about war veterans?

galvanized

14

what did Benito Mussolini oppose discrimination against?

other social classes

15

who was Francisco Franco originally?

a military general from Spain

16

what happened to Spain in 1931-36?

struggled to maintain democracy; the Depression made it worse

17

Francisco Franco served in the ________ army

Spanish

18

how did Francisco Franco rise to power?

Spanish Conservative leader Jose Calvo died in a plane crash

19

in 1936, Francisco Franco started a military group against the ______________

democratic government

20

what was the result of Francisco Franco's military group?

start of the Spanish Civil War

21

how did Francisco Franco win the election?

lots of support from Hitler and Fascist Italy

22

in 1939, what was Francisco Franco's position?

head of state and dictator

23

what type of beliefs/goals did Francisco Franco have?

Nationalistic

24

who supported Francisco Franco?

Hitler and Mussolini

25

what were some things Francisco Franco put into action?

forced labour, building railways, drying out swamps

26

Francisco Franco wanted to protect ___________

Spanish territory

27

what religion did Francisco Franco promote?

Catholicism

28

was Francisco Franco pro- or anti- communism?

anti-

29

what values did Francisco Franco promote?

traditional

30

what was in demand in Russia?

industrialization, economic success, tough military

31

who's leadership was Josef Stalin unhappy with?

the czar

32

what discouraged Josef Stalin?

WW1 tolls

33

what did Josef Stalin establish to run the government?

a provisional government

34

how did Josef Stalin rise to power?

he was appointed to General Secretary in 1922

35

Josef Stalin essentially got rid of democracy by doing what?

purging the party of "enemies of the people"

36

when was Josef Stalin conscripted into the Russian Army?

WW1 (1921, Red Army Invasion)

37

what happened to Josef Stalin in 1924?

he became the leader of the Communist Party and government

38

what did Josef Stalin both promise and establish?

industrialization

39

what types of "controversial military orders" did Josef Stalin introduce?

-shooting deserters on the spot
-executing, deporting, imprisoning, starving Soviet citizens

40

what did Josef Stalin assign guilty soldiers?

punishment or an alternative to imprisonment/ capital punishment

41

who did Josef Stalin unite Russia with and why?

with surrounding states / form Soviet Union

42

what was Hirohito's status in Japan?

prince from Tokyo, later promoted to emperor, "living god"

43

what was Hirohito's stance on his military?

unable/unwilling to control

44

against the Constitution of Japan, what did Hirohito order his senior advisors to do?

put down the rebellion

45

what was the emperor not allowed to do?

act, except on advice of ministers

46

what wars did Hirohito reluctantly support?

war against China (1931-32) and Manchuria (1937)

47

where and when was Chiang Kai-Shek born?

October 31, 1887 in ZheJiang

48

where did Chiang Kai-Shek go to at age 18?

military training college in Japan

49

why did Chiang Kai-Shek return to China in 1911?

to participate in the uprising that overthrew the Qing Dynasty

50

what did Chiang Kai-Shek establish?

the Chinese republic

51

what party was Chiang Kai-Shek a member of?

Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT)

52

who supported Chiang Kai-Shek?

Sun Yat-Sen

53

what position was Chiang Kai-Shek appointed to?

commandant of Whampoa Military Academy

54

why and when did Chiang Kai-Shek become the leader of the KMT?

after Sun Yat-Sen's death in 1925

55

what was Chiang Kai-Shek's plan for China?

rebuild- military rule, political tutelage, constitutional rule

56

what was the goal of the Kuomintang revolution?

democracy

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