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Flashcards in the great war begins Deck (20):
1

who created the Schlieffen plan and when?

General Alfred von Schlieffen / 1905

2

what was the basis for the Schlieffen plan?
if war occurred, _______ would attack _______ swiftly and then turn to face _______

Germany / France / Russia

3

what was the basis for the Schlieffen plan?
______ was both easy to mobilize and fortify

France

4

what was the basis for the Schlieffen plan?
______ was poorly equipped and would take time to mobilize because of its vast size, but potent when prepared

Russia

5

what did the Schlieffen plan call for?

for the German forces to attack France in various waves making it seem like they were attacking across the border from Germany, and then sweep in from the north through Belgium

6

why was the Schlieffen plan risky?

Belgium was neutral and allied with Britain

7

how did the plan fail?

French troops heroically held off the Germans at the Battle of the River Marne

8

when was Canada added to the war?

when the British Empire joined

9

what became the symbol of WWI and why?

both sides were forced to dig in as winter approached; creating a series of well fortified trenches

10

why was Canada forced to join the war?

it did not have control over its foreign affairs

11

which French Canadians agreed to support Great Britain?

Laurier and Bourassa

12

who passed the War Measures Act and when?

Robert Borden / August of 1914

13

what did the War Measures Act allow?

the authority to "do whatever they deem necessary for the security, defence, peace, order and welfare of Canada"

14

what was Canada's strength at the start of WWI?

3110 militia
2 old ships
no air force

15

was Borden elected as the wartime PM, and if not, who was put in charge of Canada's military?

no / Sam Hughes

16

how many volunteers for the Canadian army were needed?

25 000

17

where was the Canadian training camp?

Valcartier on a sandy plain outside Quebec City (tent city)

18

how many joined the Canadian army?

32 000

19

name 3 examples of equipment (chosen by Hughes) that was distributed to Canadian soldiers

ross rifles
light canvas shoes
loaded supply backpacks

20

when did Canada's first soldiers head for Europe?

Sept 1914

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