Flashcards in conscription 1917 Deck (20)
1917- after Canada's victory at Vimy Ridge, Borden was determined to maintain the reputation of the Canadian forces, but he was discouraged by _____________________
casualty reports which suggest large scale losses of soldiers without available replacements
why was the Military Service Bill introduced on July 11, 1917?
Borden visited Europe in May 1917 to take account of the situation; he was urged to send more soldiers but volunteers had run out and the horrors of the war had set in on the homefront thanks to growing casualties
what was the implication of the Military Service Bill?
conscription- all males between 18-45 were eligible for mandatory military service
French Canada experienced ______________
riots, protests, and overall anger
who led the French Canadians and laid out the nationalist position?
why were many outraged by the Military Service Bill?
Canada had already offered more soldiers and money per capita than any country in the war
Canada risked _________________
disunity, bankruptcy, and now their independence
what did English speaking Canada think of the Military Service Bill?
its for the best as French Canada has not done its part in the war
why were farmers upset?
loss of more workers and sons
how did Borden ensure his re election?
The Military Voters Act
The Wartime Election Act
when was the The Military Voters Act passed and what did it imply?
August 29, 1917 / soldiers can vote
when was the The Wartime Election Act passed and what did it imply?
September 14, 1917 / women related to soldiers can vote
when was the Military Service Act passed?
September 26, 1917
did Borden win the election?
yes, on December 17, 1917
404 385 were available for service, but __% applied for exemptions
what were reasons for exemptions?
health, pacifist, essential occupations, professionals
what happened in the spring of 1918?
amendments were passed to remove exemptions
how many men were conscripted overall and how many saw duty?
125 000 / 25 000
how did Borden try to make amends with Quebecers?
by removing Sam Hughes from duty