Canada: WW2 on the homefront Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Canada: WW2 on the homefront Deck (28):
1

Japanese internment
after the attacks on Hong Kong and Pearl Harbour, the Canadian government became concerned about ___________________

Japanese Canadians and the possibility of spies

2

Japanese internment
people from BC, fueled by _________________, wanted action from the government to protect them

racism, xenophobia, and anger

3

Japanese internment
who wanted reelection?

King

4

Japanese internment
how did King eventually respond?

sending all 22 000 Japanese to about 24 camps throughout Canada

5

Japanese internment
how many of the 22 000 sent away were Canadian born?

14 000

6

Japanese internment
what happened to Japanese possessions and what was it like in the camps?

possessions were taken and sold, conditions were shabby and no date of return was given

7

Japanese internment
after internment, where did the Japanese live?

some stayed, some moved, some went to Japan

8

Japanese internment
were the Japanese charged and when was the redress given?

no charges were ever laid against the Japanese / redress in 1988 PM Mulroney

9

women at home and away
what did women do during WW2?

similar to WW1- farming, munitions, selling bonds, rationing

10

women at home and away
what was the difference between WW1 and WW2?

the Canadian Women's Army Corps (CWACs)

11

women at home and away
what was the CWACs?

non combat work in infantry, navy, and air force

12

who was C.D. Howe?

"the Minister of Everything"

13

C.D. Howe
why did King want to control prices?

so that inflation would not get out of control

14

C.D. Howe
what did King put C.D. Howe in charge of?

the homefront economy and gave him total control- War Measures Act

15

C.D. Howe
why was the Wartime Prices and Trade Board created?

to regulate reproduction, distribution, and prices of all goods

16

British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP)
what was the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP)?

plan created by PM King to dedicate resources to the war without risking lives

17

British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP)
billions of dollars to train ____________________

pilots, bombers, navigators, ground crew, etc

18

British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP)
where was the ideal location?

on flat, safe land

19

Camp X
during WW2, what did the Canadian government serve as and how?

a host to allied spy operations by providing a fantastic training ground

20

Camp X
what were the characteristics of Camp X?

varied geography, far from war front, locals with language, middle of conflict

21

Camp X
what did soldiers train in?

combat, language, espionage

22

conscription
before WW2, what had King been elected based on?

a promise not to conscript

23

conscription
when was the war was getting bad and what did people want as a result?

in 1944; many were calling for King to break his promise and help Britain

24

conscription
what was King's reaction?

decided to call a plebiscite to ask if he could be freed from his promise

25

conscription
King said "_____________________________"

conscription if necessary but not necessarily conscription

26

conscription
who voted for and against conscription?

English Canada voted overwhelmingly in favour and Quebec voted against

27

conscription
what was the final decision?

King decided to invoke conscription and send the "zombies" to war

28

conscription
what was the end result of conscription?

few of these conscripts would reach the front, but Quebec would not forget that Canada (not King) had betrayed them

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